Start studying Utopian Socialism + Marxism. Marx was not seeking natural or moral laws for guidance They are not what the United States is about! Similarly the same type of conflict has been the cause of the disintegration of capitalism. Marxism is based on a materialistic vision of history whereas utopian socialism proposed unrealistic and impractical ways to create a socialist society; Marxism believed that revolution was necessary to achieve a structural change whereas utopian socialism – under the influence of French materialist ideas – believed that the society could be changed through the re-education of its members; Marxism has a materialist perspective of history and believes that society can only be changed through revolution while utopian socialists are stuck in a vicious cycle; Marxism believes that communism is the natural progression of a capitalist society whereas utopian socialism does not provide any feasible way out; Marxism embraces class struggle and violent revolution whereas utopian socialism believes that social change could be achieved through peaceful and democratic dialogue among peers; Utopian socialism argues that morals and external conditions are thickly interlinked whereas Marxism proposes a more materialistic approach; Utopian socialism argues that men are corrupted by the capitalist system whereas Marxism believes that workers are alienated by the capital and the capitalist system; and. Marx argues that a socialist-communist society is not utopian, but part of the revolutionary process of the dialectical. In a capitalist society, workers are owned by the capital (and the capitalist) while they do not own the means nor the result of their work. The term “utopia” refers to “any visionary system of political or social perfection.”[2] In fact, utopian socialists strived for a perfect and equal society and promoted the ideals of a more just humanitarian world. Thus socialism is closely related to materialistic conception of history. However, remember, that Marxism and Socialism are two systems. Their ideals were later re-elaborated by philosophers and thinkers in the post-industrial revolution following the increasing pressure on the working force caused by the capitalist system. Although all socialist movements can somehow be considered utopic, the label “utopian socialism” refers to the early form of socialism, which spread at the beginning of the 19th century. Balance between work, education and private life; Elimination of selfish and despotic rulers; Elimination of the struggle between classes; Primacy of collective rights over individual rights; Equal enjoyment of and redistribution of wealth and resources. The term utopian socialism was introduced by Karl Marx in "For a Ruthless Criticism of Everything" in 1843 and then developed in The Communist Manifesto in 1848, although shortly before its publication Marx had already attacked the ideas of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon in The Poverty of Philosophy (originally written in French, 1847). Georg W.F. Karl Kautsky and the Marxian School; Georges Sorel, 1847-1922. The means of production and property are owned collectively by the people, under one totalitarian government, and everyone is paid whatever it is deemed by the government that they deserve, according to their needs and abilities. The third major influence on Marx’s critique of political economy (in addition to and combined with classical economics and Hegel’s philosophy) was utopian socialism. Adapted from such reformers as Robert Owen and Charles Fourier, utopian socialism drew from early communist and socialist ideas. This is socialism. Marxism is scientific revolutionary socialism, and not utopian socialism. August 1, 2017 < >. The inescapable fault is the corruptible nature of man. In the history of Marx's thought and Marxism, this work is pivotal in the distinction between the concepts of utopian socialism and what Marx and the Marxists claimed as scientific socialism. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. These conditions could only be changed if all members of the society realized that they were being corrupted. It exists objectively, outside us independently of the will and actions even of the men that have brought it on. According to the utopian socialists’ hypothesis, these communities would be stable and self-sustaining, insuring all communal members an adequate livelihood—a remarkably naïve utopia of a harmonious and cohesive human society (e.g., CHAZ or CHOP in Seattle).