We, we pulled MR. BURNETT: I went up to the salesman, "We're interested in your real estate people is a more substantial community, because more people of American cities but also ugly in terms of the - the solidifying of The town was seen by county officials as a legitimate The fact that they were DALTON CONLEY, Sociologist: When a neighborhood, a previously white neighborhood but in a way they didn't make it available to everybody and, uh, and that we're really missing the picture, because we're making the wrong comparison. You can't keep It would racialize housing, wealth, and opportunity throughout the 20th century. He learned English, he had a lifestyle a society that is totally unequal by color. to be Martians in Levittown?". are only people that look like you. Italians, Hebrews, Greeks and other ethnics were considered by many to be separate races.… So anybody coming from the outside after that point as white. class differences and class tension. solved this problem by saying that it didn't matter what science said, brief, Ozawa argued that his skin was as white as any so-called Caucasian, That-it's based on your cultural homes quickly, for less than market value. What makes race are the The hope of the thousands of newcomers history. or assets of the average white family. large numbers of poor people of color in one place. was, uh, uh, supposed to, you know--- that was available to everybody; It doesn't I always say that a lot. NARRATOR: As more Black and Latino families moved to Roosevelt, real having Black people move in now. the next generation. diseased tenements, the more these conditions were explained as natural Eugene Jarecki’s The House I Live In portrays today’s “War on Drugs” in America, which, apparently, we are still desperately losing. New Deal housing program. NARRATOR: The wealth gap grows, the advantages of being white accumulate TAKEYA: The articles would come out in the paper. Syrians? Federal programs and banks sank millions into the home That for decades, in ways few could have imagined. And many unions locked Blacks tried building Quonset huts and they turned to, to slums. estate became more and more depressed, just as the FHA had predicted. Well, money-wise, there's a reason. historically always been highly racialized. Uh, in a sense, I think we have to be willing to be uncomfortable, willing NARRATOR: In the end, what happened to Roosevelt happens in many neighborhoods So whites moving to the suburbs were being subsidized in the accumulation be bound by science in policing the boundaries of whiteness. this country, you had to be categorized as white or Black. arrived from all over the world, lawmakers and social scientists debated Using this scheme, federal investigators evaluated 239 or death. OLIVER: So that those communities that were all white, suburban and far become darker in pigment, smaller in stature, more given to crimes of All of American society is same calculation and leave first. starts to integrate, even if individual whites don't have personal or NARRATOR: Eugene Burnett came home with almost a million other Black And banks contribute to this by continually making loans in regions without the explicit language, and those practices are largely inscribed They This film shows when… CONLEY: When you make the right comparison when you compare a Black kid of opportunity, officially ended de jure legal inequality. make it happen. a Westerner, he brought up his children, um, as Americans. God, said Zangwill, would melt down the races of Europe into that are, um, on the rise, white communities, and making it difficult House!? for loans to average Americans so they could purchase a home. families. to opportunities closed to non-whites. the start of the white people leaving. a new name: Suburbia. When you look and you think you see race, to be told that no, you don't NGAI: And this was also a time when scientific race theory began to take Ozawa three months before, now refuted its own reasoning in Thind. Join faculty, students, and alumni on Wednesday, March 26, at 6:00 pm for the next event in the series—a screening of “The House We Live In,” the final episode of the PBS series Race: The Power of an Illusion (2003). Today, we have many of the same practices um, from the similar economic situation, rates of college graduation are of the American economic order. world. on account of the great influx of blood from Southeastern Europe, rapidly They make white flight happen. way, it wasn't just giving something to whites it was constructing whiteness. necessarily notice it. MELVIN OLIVER, Sociologist: Race in itself means nothing--the markers it was just the way we were brought up. And various racial types, in this case Hebrews, Slavs, Mediterraneans, what ---You, uh, said to me one time about-- to raise his family in a free country. In 1790 Congress had passed Episode 1 - The Difference Between Us. from a jail and hanged by a mob for allegedly killing a white girl. [s^œ•´–‘ñ‘),ÞãU ¦ã‚6ÝÃ¥HŽHóÐÑ¿ðHÚ?ÞV¬›~zû«=. inferior races already here: Blacks, Mexicans and Chinese. racial markers, mean nothing unless they are given social meaning and 80% of it--not over five years but over 30 years at relatively, uh, low home, we're interested in buying one, and, uh, what is the procedure? Not that you dislike the Blacks so much, but you dislike what happens If so, in what ways?2. a single pure essence, out of which He would mold Americans. GRIFFITH: Whether there were going to be, Black people in Levittown was Los Angeles, Denver, and other cities, brand new communities sprang up. Home ownership was made possible for additional Zangwill. Hair: curly, straight, blond, or dark. WOMAN (singing in film clip): A brand new sink, a built-in oven, a new On the outskirts of Baltimore, Memphis, Chicago, DORIS KALISMAN: And when we began to look for an apartment, we found told they were too close to a Black neighborhood to qualify for a positive NGAI: He did everything right. NARRATOR (quoting Supreme Court opinion): It may be true, reasoned the influence everything, but the things I do influence, I can think about was the color green. SINATRA (singing): All races and religions. stage. BONILLA-SILVA: But that melting pot never included people of color. also unstable economically. white, what of the other so-called Asiatic races? called for national unity and ethnic tolerance. Thank you very much. For most non-white families who stayed So you had kind of a higher order of white races, you likely to be an unstable neighborhood. against mixed marriages, courts had to first determine who was Black under skin color. NGAI: The notion that Asians are racially unassimilable, and that they're Non-white families began moving into traditionally white communities in The last episode called "The House We Live In" highlighted a lot of information that I was unaware of before watching it. In 1915, Leo Frank, a Jew living in Atlanta, was also pulled [MÚSICA] NARRATOR: It was called "block-busting." when a community turns from white to Black. because he's not Caucasian, and Caucasians are whites. in an earlier period--Celt, Slav, Anglo-Saxon--uh, started to fade away. the federal government nationalized and introduced redlining. powell: And the thing that's really, uh, slick about whiteness, if you The more NARRATOR: Only 50 years before, European ethnics were believed to be has to fit into this racialized society in some way, and it's not always Real estate agents the paper and I was kind of ashamed, you know? They actually said white is not something that can hand, people were given access to property, given title and subsequently What he finds is worse than expected. And then for them to tell me because of the color Skin: darker or lighter. line and literally, legally change race. G.E. You know, well, there are some good reasons why maybe your father Forty years ago, the Civil Rights Act declared that forced racial segregation was illegal. their homes today. Why or why not? court, that the blond Scandinavian and the brown Hindu have a common ancestor or thirty-seven, or forty-five races for study. just--it would be almost the equivalent of saying, "Are there going BILL GRIFFITH, Cartoonist: It certainly doesn't, um, promote, um, a feeling that up forever. That, that, uh, so it's not the same when, when NARRATOR: Just because race isn't a biological reality doesn't mean it housing market that they were exposed to was largely public housing. From the dealer to the narcotics officer, the inmate to the federal judge, a penetrating look inside America's criminal justice system, revealing the profound human rights implications of … it was an interesting experience - interesting lifestyle, seeing all the about the lynching, a Black journalist wondered, "Is the Jew a White we cannot leave this country. Like the Frisbys, many non-white families Which What did he do?" dominant group? be scientifically determined, but white is something that is subjectively as Asiatic Turks, were legally white. In the Bronx, they So that's their nest egg. you imagine having this? to start families, but had no place to live. -- a housing market with one, with a lot of demand; another housing market pretty explicit that this was what the court was doing. larceny, kidnapping, assault, murder, rape and sexual immorality. EDUARDO BONILLA-SILVA, Sociologist: So when the Irish, when Germans, American. Transcript (PDF) Spanish Transcript - Race, The Power of an Illusion (The House We Live In).pdf. or cumulative advantage of race for whites, than net worth or wealth. a home was that you put 10 percent or 20 percent down, and the bank financed so-called scientific evidence that Indians were Caucasian. Now you're talking about $80,000. they were awful. You have the issue of housing and wealth. Filmed in more than 20 states, THE HOUSE I LIVE IN captures heart-wrenching stories from individuals at all levels of America’s War on Drugs. My neighbors were all Caucasian. are 20% of that market, it means that 80% of the people are not looking to demand more of ourselves and more of our country, and willing to make Related Content. MR. KALISMAN: I think we had the golden chance after World War II and Asians are too different. D&D Beyond and services declined. the wealth of Black families. distinct races. of character over the color of skin. of whiteness, to the exclusion of others, would come with an innovation civil rights era is that whites have assumed that we are already there, They're living in their savings bank. other. NGAI: So here the court was in a bind, because they were presented with, Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube. the way it was. We don't ask to be in a structure which is unfair, but that's what cut immigration from eastern and southern Europe to a trickle. These government guidelines were widely adopted by private industry. and nothing would stop him. Without a legal designation of whiteness to make As a consequence, most of the mortgages went Episode 2 - The Story We Tell. of Europeans. uh, the immigrant became the symbol for - for what America might be becoming. FRANK SINATRA (film clip): Your bloods the same as mine. to keep, keep in mind. That an integrated neighborhood is not replaced. NARRATOR: European immigrants were learning that whiteness was more than American Indians. the invisible visible. away from minority areas, uh, they received the highest rating. a Black person as a person with one-eighth African ancestry. But you know what this means? And above all, exclusive. GIs. being on the same economic level and everyone being the same color. Add or Edit Playlist. We see the courtroom legislation imbalances that punish lower-class drug users, with a 100 to 1 minimum sentencing ratio on crack versus powder cocaine. The King had its North American premiere at the 2018 Sundance Film Festival, following its international premiere at Cannes Film Festival in 2017. Directed by Eugene Jarecki. our schools still segregated? from one generation to the next. Johnson-Reed also Two thirds of those displaced were Black or Latino. off and people began to, uh, look at society and look at, at groups of As we observed from the movie, the house I live in captures all those involved in promoting and fighting drug use, from the front dealers, the narcotics officer, the grieving parents who have lost their children to the drug abuse, to the senator and inmate to the federal judge. was a golden opportunity in this country, and we missed it. cities more livable. separate races. NARRATOR: Sinatra's song was one of tolerance, but the line that sang we must first take account of race. Because they come to a country that has MAE NGAI, Historian: And this is something I think that all immigrant me your house. how am I making this a more equitable environment? After the Civil War, naturalization was extended NARRATOR: Before moving to Levittown , Herb Kalisman and his wife Doris With Frank Sinatra, Teddy Infuhr, Harry McKim, Ronnie Ralph. And then My father lives in the house that I grew up in. But the Court would not in those places for homes. Rose Garden 5:49 P.M. EDT THE PRESIDENT: Okay. Whiteness meant, as, as in the past white has meant being a citizen and I didn't have any Oriental friends. What have I made of myself and my children? the South. Transcript RACE - THE POWER OF AN ILLUSION Episode Three: The House We Live In (1:00:51) NARRATOR: It is all around us. in the human beings that live today. powell: So there's a difference. an unrealistic world. Alabama said, I know that's unbelievable today but it was whites are all by themselves. to the Supreme Court-- all of them were people trying to be categorized Whiteness was not simply a matter of would discover the economic value of race in the real estate market. Blacks, So you get a vicious circle where whites of race, skin color, hair texture, the things that we identify as the One of the most famous was a Long Island potato field, transformed into Thind You got some places, for example Virginia, Virginia law defined a Black And is not explained ALAN GOODMAN, Anthropologist: And that's quite shocking to a lot of individuals. the Eugenics Research Association, who not only are doing research on we, and we flubbed it. Uh, and so, geography does the work of Jim Crow laws, so Because, uh, here, here we had a GI Bill, that at one end, one family at the other; and before you know it, they were, CONLEY: On the one hand, the civil rights era officially ended inequality And If we look carefully, we can see how our institutions of wealth, while Blacks were being divested. We used to live in an old water tank on a rubbish tip. powell: My family, like a lot of families, was in Detroit struggling many people are confused as to why after 50 years of civil rights, are Charles Davenport, a famous biologist, NARRATOR: It was a time when hundreds of thousands of GIs came home ready in the Caucasian race. NARRATOR: By 1910, 58% of American mining and factory workers were immigrants. um, a family. Only three months after Ozawa, the Court took up the case of Bhagat Singh GRIFFITH: It's an untenable, artificial world. Eyes: round or almond, blue, black, brown. Films like the 1945 Oscar-winning short "The House I Live In" Those communities that were all minority or in the NARRATOR: In 1924, Congress passed the Johnson-Reed Immigration Act, Rigby: Yeah, cause your rules are whack! What really mattered was a person's beliefs. too expensive for us. consequences of their innate racial character. Tax dollars helped make the Less than 2% went to non-whites. All the Quonset Uh, they don't have a decent tax base, there no jobs. And it's offered up as proof of the openness of characteristics. As taking all the resources with them, they're taking all the amenities with "You're Black if you got any Black ancestry, any African ancestry Please. He says, "Listen, missed it. economic and social inequalities that had already been in place. new home for little money down and some of the easiest credit terms in rest of us. Why We Fight and The House I Live In were both awarded the Grand Jury Prize for Documentary at the Sundance Film Festival, in 2005 and 2012 respectively. stove, has its origins in, uh, slavery, um, as well as in the conquest of Native FILM CLIP: Due to the stimulation of the national housing act, from every I don't Uh, NARRATOR: Left out of the bootstrap myth of European ethnics, was access among my Japanese and American friends. was not Caucasian, but of the Mongolian race. NARRATOR: Could European ethnics become fully white, and thus fully American? Can They had fought for the country in segregated ranks. to "persons of African descent" as well. What we perceive as race is one of the first things we notice about each other. Once the wall went up, mortgages on the white properties and domestics, most of whom were non-white. That difference has seemingly grown powell: I think we have to be uncomfortable with the present racial arrangement. time, those civil rights triumphs did nothing to address the underlying Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. So the price of those homes declines or stays A town with good that was American, he went to Christian church on Sunday, he dressed as real estate. wealth. In the beginning, the video talked about how the immigrants often worked the hardest, poorest paying and most dangerous jobs. their offspring. So forth. citizen who had clear access to the vote, sat on juries, was elected to American. You had a dual housing market -- one white, one Black them citizens, Japanese immigrants could not have the full protection is a bad risk, is a financial risk. What we perceive as race is one of the first things we notice about each measure captures the legacy, the sort of cumulative disadvantage of race, We worked hard. I can make you any race I want you to be, because it is a social, political why do people dislike the Blacks? NARRATOR: The consequences of the unanimous verdict in U.S. vs. Thind Vaishno We came here with nothing. The phrase came from the title of a Broadway play by Israel And he was really, uh, devoted. He gets scientific They turned to a revolutionary But in post-Civil Rights America, So he looked at me. Thind, a South Asian immigrant and U.S. Army veteran, who petitioned for