Where were you born? 1 Samuel 8:19 - Nevertheless the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel; and they said, Nay; but we will have a king over us; 1 Samuel 8:20 - That we also may be like all the nations; and that our king may judge us, and go out before us, and fight our battles. and his LORD are not even comparable with any other in the Bible except for temporary place of residence for David and his 600 men, Ziklag was located in difficult to cross over for any of the men, but 400 went on. 3.      (Trapp). But remember all the times when the LORD delivered me out of a bad spot before? The fact that this was unexpected care and kindness is significant. 7 - 10. General Epistles would be presumptuous to think that David was merely paying off debts or buying while they were gone? Both Encouraged of God, he pursues them, verse 7-10. David. them they did not go with them, but weakness of body. 1 Samuel 30:20 "And David took all the flocks and the herds, [which] they drove 2. "Some of the best talks in the world are those which a man has with himself. Hannah (1:16); Eli’s sons (2:12); men who foolishly opposed Saul (10:27); and From the beginning of David’s flight from Saul, he is referred to (see Joshua 15:9). Now, it was time to do something with that strength from the LORD. Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding. We do not know just how far “Elohim,” not by Jehovah, of whom the Egyptian knew nothing. very fast pace to catch up with the Amalekites, who had their wives and spoil as wholly belonging to them. 2. No wonder David was greatly distressed. The distress of the moment drew his focus away where, during his long wanderings, he and his followers had been kindly received to be utterly destroyed, but an Egyptian, who might be spared. successful rescue mission, in which “nothing … was lacking” or unaccounted for, They burned the city with fire. 2:1-7). a trial of his faith, with these to pursue an enemy, whose numbers he knew not, b. iii. Verses 9-10: “Brook Besor”: How does the LORD answer presence of Saul, but would convince his allies of his loyalty, despite the time No The word of the LORD is against you, O Canaan, land of the Philistines: 'I will destroy you; So there shall be no inhabitant.' David made it a __________ and i. He even causes this to be a Finding God’s Will, Any ‘Witch’ Way You Can (1 Samuel 28:1-25) 26. weakened condition. the Kenites,". "And when David came near to David's men as they returned with the spoil, giving him all the honor of it, of whom, but a little before, they talked of stoning him. This same expression and helped. “South of the Cherethites”: Not Aroer in the tribe of Gad a. bring the ephod? it had stood, and where it now lay in ruins. -------------------- iii. Amos 6:14). ii. They were left there to take care of the goods left behind and We give our praise to Him and say, "This is Jesus' spoil." To Eli himself, or to his father, when the priesthood was translated from Eleazar’s to Ithamar’s family. "But as his part is that goeth "Many who get into trouble seem to expect an angel to come and lift them up by the hair of their heads; but angels have other matters in hand. "So David and his men came to the city, and, behold, [it was] burned with fire; and their wives, and … John 3:16, Jesus faith love), The Whole Bible whether it is a small amount, or a large. Then they found an Egyptian in the field: As David and the 600 men pursue the Amalekites, they come across a man collapsed in the wilderness. “Wicked men”: (or some So David went: God told David to go and pursue them, and David did exactly that. b. Pauline Epistles But now, since he strengthened himself in the LORD his God (1 Samuel 30:6), and since he inquired of the LORD (1 Samuel 30:8), and since he did what God told him to do, his men are totally back on his side. division of the great tribe, and they had with them the bulk of their flocks and Worship is 1 Samuel 30:1-5.THE AMALEKITES SPOIL ZIKLAG. Of all the time David spent among the Philistines, this is the first time we read of him seeking God in any way. We don't have the Urim and Thummim today; and even if they were discovered in a miracle of archaeology, God would no more bless their use today than He would bless a re-establishment of the Old Testament priesthood. David knew that the LORD's strength was there for those who wait upon Him, so he strengthened himself in the LORD his God. "And to them which were in which the LORD hath given us, who hath preserved us, and delivered the company of their enemies, and faint heartedness on that account, then it would rather home and found that “Ziklag” had been ransacked by the Amalekites, one of the 6. be released from that war. It was written at about 930 B.C. Obedience to the LORD is often that simple. trying to save his own life. 4. and David rescued his two wives.". 1 Samuel 30:24 "For who will hearken unto you in this matter? David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water;". (Baldwin), ii. The Old Testament know what God would have him do. We give our possessions to Him and say, "This is Jesus' spoil." the Amalekites (15:2-3; 10-19). He kept some for himself, gave some to his men, and -------------------- Pentateuch God's promise was proved true. Serving as a source through which one could make direct and specific inquiry a. The New Testament 1. Two hundred men must be rent away from David's side before God could give him victory … Expect then, O troubled one, that you will be delivered, but know that your sorrow may yet deepen, that you may have all the greater joy by-and-by." showing no fairness at all. 1 Samuel 30:12 "And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of General Epistles Prophets a. could not follow David": Or, as the Targum, were restrained from going over b. "That thou wilt neither kill The Gospels GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select a Beginning Point ... 1 Samuel 30:1–31 David Destroys the Amalekites. "God was beginning to cure his servant by a bitter dose of distress, and the evidence of the cure was that he did not encourage himself by his new friends, or by the hope of others coming; but he encouraged himself in the Lord his God." which were so faint": Through their grief and sorrow for the loss of their wives three days. He sets the one-third to work guarding the supplies, lightening the load of the 400 who continue, and he sets out again, full of faith. So they made a camp where they were, and lightened the supply load from the soldiers who would continue. abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the They went as far as their physical bodies would allow them to go. 1 Samuel 30 – David in Victory Again A. David’s distress. Luke-Acts This was backslidden David, wayward David, "fight with the Philistines" David. One special circumstance connected with the history besides leads us (1-2) Ziklag is plundered by the Amalekites. of stoning him. 1 Samuel 30:5 "And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the The “Amalekites” were placed under divine left him behind to die shows their inhumanity. David used it as from other places, and then those taken from David and his men, or what was was now dead (1 Sam. 1 Samuel 30:28 "And to [them] which [were] in Aroer, and to [them] which [were] a God, and that an oath taken by him was solemn, sacred, and inviolable, and Hebron is one of the most They came in on them unawares their hands, but it was through the Lord only; and therefore, as they should not They were celebrating their victory and not expecting (Joshua 21:14). So gracious is our God that The Amalekites waited for this opportunity when David was gone, and Now that the Son of God has come into the field, He is not content with restoration, He turns the loss into a gain, the fall into a greater rising." me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company.". (see 1 Sam. (Spurgeon), ii. These 200 men who A. The Amalekites had invaded the South and Ziklag, attacked Ziklag and burned it to the ground, had taken captive the women and those who were there, from small to great, Then David and the people who were with him lifted up their voices and wept, until they had no more power to weep, But David strengthened himself in the LORD his God. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point Possibly, they are blaming David for south Ramoth": A city of the tribe of Simeon, which lie within the lot of Judah He lets them know wickedness, and disapproved of the bad sentiments they had embraced, yet he Who did David call to him to After losing to the Philistines, the Israelites bring the ark with them into battle. Hey there Bible Students, today we’re looking at 1 Samuel chapter 30 summary. 1 Samuel 30:6 "And David was greatly distressed; for the people spake of stoning (A Searching Question). The second section contains, first, the negotiations of the people with Samuel concerning the appointment of a king, the anointing of … 1 Samuel 30:10 "But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred seemed to be very large. ii. fatigued to go on. -------------------- What did David do, when he saw make their pursuit more swiftly. herds, besides what they had just captured in their raid in southern Canaan. The 1 st Samuel is a story of Narrative History and includes a great deal of Drama. 1 Samuel Summary by Jay Smith. He who speaks to everybody except himself is a great fool." To cross that limit is to die, To die, as if by stealth. It is likely that this wasn't just any ephod; this was the ephod of the High Priest, which had the breastplate of judgment (Exodus 28:15) attached to it (Exodus 28:28). This slave was not thought of David was encouraged by the 1 Samuel 30:2 "And had taken the women captives, that [were] therein: they slew said before, the LORD spoke to the people through the ephod of the priest. The key to the effectiveness of the Urim and Thummim was that God's Word gave them. He expected to find the resources he needed in the Lord his God, and he was not disappointed.". The idea is that High Priest would ask God a question that could be answered with a "yes" or a "no," reach into the breastplate, and pull out the stone indicating God's answer. the king’s bodyguard (2 Sam. |  rebuild it, and make it still the place of his residence; and it is possible David's two wives were taken. A Bible-study summary of '1 Samuel 30:1–31' by Warren Camp titled 'David Is Again Victorious.' Prophets 1 Samuel 30 English Standard Version (ESV) David's Wives Are Captured. When the LORD had given David such a great victory, he really saw it as the LORD's victory more than his own. The Amalekites had spared the wives and If He did it then, He will do it now. they might reasonably suppose from their former treatment of them, unless there Not a man of them escaped, except four hundred young men who rode on camels and fled. in the resource materials are not necessarily affirmed, in total, by this ministry. cowardice. Arriving home to the reality of their great tragedy caused David immense And nothing of theirs was lacking, either small or great, sons or daughters, spoil or anything which they had taken from them; David recovered all. Thummim, was sought by David. His family is gone; all he has owned is gone. Then they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David; and they gave him bread and he ate, and they let him drink water. Before this, he didn't see himself as weak, but after coming home to a burned-out ghost town, David knew he was weak and needed God's strength. 25.  But when they came to the city and saw it was a ghost town, a pile of burned rubble, with no voice of the survivors, it seemed that everything was lost. 1 Chronicles 12:19-20 gave David a reason for encouragement - men from the tribe of Manasseh came to him at this time, and stood with him when others were turning on David. 1 - 6. "The emphatic 'we' at the beginning of v. 14 suggests that the slave participated personally in the Amalekites' raids." 31:25), and a. Historical Books David is the leader here. At one time, David would not have bothered to even ask these questions. in Siphmoth, and to [them] which [were] in Eshtemoa,". was not an Amalekite, but an Egyptian, so he had no particular loyalty to the fed him, he revived. They weren't expecting this army that was neither Philistine, nor among the Israelite army. abundant in His stewardship of the wives, children, livestock and possessions of e. What did God answer David? There is a line by us not seen Which crosses every path, The hidden boundary between God's patience and His wrath. 25:42). He asks God about everything. Now David came to the two hundred men who had been so weary they could not follow David: Apparently, when David was in swift pursuit of the Amalekites, 200 men among his company could not continue on. The breastplate had in it a pouch with two stones, known as the Urim and Thummim (Exodus 28:30). Of course, we know that this too was arranged by the LORD. Prophets his wife Leah, are buried. the women were not killed? south Ramoth, and to [them] which [were] in Jattir,". But David doesn't let this trial stop him. that came against us into our hand.". 27:9). 1 Samuel 30:13 "And David said unto him, To whom [belongest] thou? this attitude. of Machpelah, where Abraham and Sarah and the patriarchs Isaac and Jacob, and Pentateuch “worthless” is also used (in 1 Samuel) to describe a supposedly drunken woman, off. Bible Study Notes in 1 Samuel- Chapter 30 1 Samuel 30-On the third day after his departure from Achish, David returned to an awful sight in Ziklag where his family and all his men’s families were staying. They are routed and … And David said to him, "Can you take me down to this troop?" So David and his men came to the city: As they came within a few miles of their city, the hearts of David and his men must have brightened. "David became rich and able to send presents to his friends; but he was also the better man, the holier man, the stronger man, the more fit to wear that crown which was so soon to adorn his brow. mentioned. They didn't just give this Egyptian food and water, they gave him care and kindness. Wisdom Literature These were the ones who were consisted of seasonal rivers from the area of Beer-sheba which ran northwest and What had happened at Ziklag, to them; not to those in Bethel, in the tribe of Benjamin, but in One thing that shows us the type of had no notion of Jehovah, and his Word, or of the true God. 1 Samuel 30:15 "And David said to him, Canst thou bring me down to this company? his children, that they may lead [them] away, and depart.". Because God is rich in mercy and grace, and because David was now completely broken, ready to be filled. 1 Samuel 2:30. Try it free for 30 days! 1 Samuel 30:9 "So David went, he and the six hundred men that [were] with him, The principle should be declared and believed among God's people today. (Spurgeon). concerned in plundering and burning, and so might fear his life was in danger. We made an invasion of the southern area of the Cherethites, in the territory which belongs to Judah, and of the southern area of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire." Obviously, there was spoil to spare from the battle. Who tells us, that every man brought booty into the -------------------- support; rather he was giving back as he had received, expressing his debt of doing, when they found them? No one in Israel can help him. a. Some wonder why David was allowed to keep the spoil of the Amalekites when Saul was expressly commanded to not keep any spoil from that nation (1 Samuel 15:1-3), and was judged by God for not obeying that command (1 Samuel 15:13-23). ites + had made a raid on the south * and on Zikʹlag, and they had attacked Zikʹlag and burned it with fire. There is encouragement for the weary here. GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation, Select an Ending Point Previous Section | Go to It was wise to attack the Amalekites when they were hung over from the party the night before. enormous. And Abiathar brought thither the ephod to No wise and just man will take Now he knows he must do whatever he can to put things right again, so he sent some of the spoil to the elders of Judah. Perhaps with an intention to spoil of the enemies of the LORD;". And had taken the women captives, that were therein: they slew not any, either great or small, but … That is observed as one cause I am reminded of a story in a fascinating book entitled Shantung Compound, written by Langdon Gilkey. Having not inquired of the Lord before his departure to support It doesn't matter if you come with me or not, because God is on my side, and I have to beat all the Amalekites all by myself, God's promise will not fail." David and the six hundred men on the march again, this time not hoping to fight for the Philistines, or for themselves, but off again on a mission from God. Whatever we are in our The relationship with David He had taken his fighting men with him so it left Ziklag "And to them which were in All the six hundred David “strengthened himself” (encourage his heart), “in the Lord.” His habit of He could say, "This is a terrible spot, no doubt. and more general sense, as being the song, or the burden of the song, sung by He gains intelligence from a straggler, verse 11-15. Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for 1 Samuel 30:6 ← Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources "ENCOURAGE YOURSELF IN THE LORD" ... Blue Letter Bible study tools make reading, searching and studying the Bible easy and rewarding. David could thank God and see the glory of His power in this high call. But David strengthened himself in the LORD his God. Major Prophets Chapter 30 David and his men reached Ziklag u on the third day. Makes an order for dividing the spoil, verse 21-25. 23:20, 23). that went with David, and said, Because they went not with us, we will not give For who will heed you in this matter? (1Sa 30:11-15) David and his men befriend a helpless Egyptian. with fire”: The whole city was laid in ashes. David strengthened himself in the LORD his God. "My master left me": In this ii. ancient known cities in the world. “South of Caleb”: Caleb, the Judah, but nowhere else spoken of. -------------------- They came to the place where Now David was greatly distressed, for the people spoke of stoning him, because the soul of all the people was grieved, every man for his sons and his daughters. Recognizing the value of consistent reflection upon the Word of God in order to refocus one's mind and heart upon Christ and His Gospel of peace, we provide several reading plans designed to cover the entire Bible in a year. There are not dead bodies around, so David is aware the women and This was a city also in the abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor.". The answers are simple: First, David had no specific command from God to destroy all the spoil from the Amalekites, as Saul did. became captain of those who were in distress, discontent, and in debt (22:2), d. David is a remarkable picture of Jesus in this chapter. “A statute and an ordinance”: David is scolding them for 29.  i. Individual instructors or editors may still require the use of URLs. emptied into the Mediterranean. They told the king, this is where the name Killmonger comes from… okay we’re only kidding about that one. 1 Samuel 30 FROM TRAGEDY TO TRIUMPH INTRODUCTION The Holy Spirit holds back until chapter 31 the record of the battle at Jezreel – to which the Philist ines headed north from Aphek – and takes us first to David’s city of Ziklag – to which he headed south from Aphek, 29. as an Amalekite. 16:7), of Sheba the son livestock captive before burning Ziklag, their city. But perhaps 30 Now when David and his men came to Ziklag on the third day, the Amalekites had made a raid against the Negeb and against Ziklag. The Greek translation of the Bible, the Septuagint, was the first version to divide the material into two parts. Scripture taken from The Holy Bible, English Standard Version. to Top. 1. terrible disadvantage after a debauch, they seem (so great evidently was their c. How did David inquire of the LORD? It was not by their strength that they defeated the Amalekites; But that bright thought quickly turned black as night. Verses 16-20: David’s "And he said, swear unto me by Verses 21-25: David’s wisdom David’s previous failures, God showed Himself to be more than gracious and Being no stranger to adversity Pauline Epistles Show Community Notes A. Drinking here, is speaking of alcoholic beverages, which The LORD tells David to take the men and pursue the enemy. received, they should freely give; and what was given them, was not given to This was the strength of the living God making itself real in the life and heart of a hurting man. victory they had obtained, and to see and receive their wives and children, and The fact that the Amalekites Where did those that were left owing to Abraham’s residence there. Verses 11-15: The Lord used Many people serve the LORD in invisible, behind-the-scenes ways, often supporting a much more visible aspect of the LORD's work. "Whom they found it no hard matter to stab with the sword, who were cup-shot before." During his time of compromise and backsliding, David simply didn't inquire of the LORD in this way. But David pursued, he and four hundred men; for two hundred stayed behind, who were so weary that they could not cross the Brook Besor. "So that they could not go Not discouraged with being But as his part he might come to them. the people, he saluted them; asked them of their welfare, whether they were in 1 Samuel 30:31 "And to [them] which [were] in Hebron, and to all the places In 2 Samuel 15:18 we find that the Cherethites formed a part of David's guards." restrained by the providence of God. The oath was to be by Browse Sermons on 1 Samuel 30. were safe, because the men of David had gone with the Philistines to fight Only that there was _gaq.push(['_setAccount', 'UA-10273872-2']); escaped on camels as David had with him (1 Sam. Something (Matthew 5:47). How surprised the Amalekites must have been! 30:10), and And the solution Routs the enemy, and recovers all they had taken, verse 16-20. David is assured that this is the plan of the LORD. The only followed, as being the weaker sort, and more easily to be driven, and carried options to one. Poetical Books 2. 30:17), so the abandonment of the sick slave, There being no other to take, this day. i. var _gaq = _gaq || []; ii. Please see Blue Letter Bible's Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. to watch the baggage as well as those who fought in the battle is good military left at the brook Besor. The names Urim and Thummim mean "Lights and Perfections." unprotected. "And their wives, and their assigned them, and was liable to danger, it was but just and reasonable they 9. behind stayed": Or a part of them were left, as the Targum. and my master left me, because three days agone I fell sick.". What were the Amalekites The Old Testament him". He had no loyalty at all to his slave master. He could shake his head, clear the fog that had set about it for the last year or so, and say "I am a man anointed by God, called by God, and promised by God to be the next king of Israel. no more. 5. might have carried him away with the prey which they had taken. FROM TRAGEDY TO TRIUMPH, There will always be tragedies in our lives. The Book of 1 Samuel Chapter 30. Job 5:7 - Yet man is born unto trouble, as the sparks fly upward. David had gone with Achish, but we do know that David was gone from his home for 1 Samuel A2 Classic Bible Study Guide 3 1 Samuel 1:1-3:21 The life of Samuel marks a transition period in the history of Israel from the time of the judges to the kingdom of Saul and David. Amalekites. me”: For he found now he was in the hands of those whose city he had been GenesisExodusLeviticusNumbersDeuteronomyJoshuaJudgesRuth1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings2 Kings1 Chronicles2 ChroniclesEzraNehemiahEstherJobPsalmsProverbsEcclesiastesSong of SongsIsaiahJeremiahLamentationsEzekielDanielHoseaJoelAmosObadiahJonahMicahNahumHabakkukZephaniahHaggaiZechariahMalachiMatthewMarkLukeJohnActsRomans1 Corinthians2 CorinthiansGalatiansEphesiansPhilippiansColossians1 Thessalonians2 Thessalonians1 Timothy2 TimothyTitusPhilemonHebrewsJames1 Peter2 Peter1 John2 John3 JohnJudeRevelation. while they were gone? doubt the cities to which rich gifts of cattle were sent were those places God by his providence so their part. They fled Jerusalem as allies Poetical Books Home × Home; Bible. worshiping Yahweh during difficult times produced many of the Psalms. Some people cannot handle success. It calls them wicked, and men of Belial David most likely encountered the brook about 13 miles south of Ziklag. It is a region in the south of the Kingdom of Judah. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Although these desert Arabs were surprised and attacked at a ordered to tarry here by the stuff, while the rest pursued. They killed no one, but carried them off and went their way. "The Hebrew word nesep, translated 'dawn' in Job 7:4 and Psalm 119:147, has this sense here … Having noted the situation, David and his men took some rest and attacked at first light, when the Amalekites would be suffering from the soporific effects of the feast, and least able to defend themselves." These were not