15 One day near Horesh, David received the news that Saul was on the way to Ziph to search for him and kill him. New Living Translation Bible and Notes used with permission Tyndale House Publishers. No part of this publication may be And he said to him, “Do not fear, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you. In chapter 7, God reveals his plan for salvation through David's house. perfections) were evidently two stones or similar objects, one light and the other dark in color. Samuel was one of the most God-centered leaders of the Old Testament, a man with godly character and the respect of those he served. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh. But when the ark of God stood opposite the staring-eyed, ugly, grotesque fish god of the Philistines, the fish god could not stand it. She begged forgiveness on behalf of her entire household, and God used that moment to show David how wrong it would be to take revenge in his own way and kill these innocent servants. 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" 1 Chronicles 26:27-28 says Samuel began collecting treasures for building the temple in Solomon’s day. Here are some practical life lessons we can learn from David’s submission to God. What might be wrong with Saul’s requests to Samuel? Jealousy, Envy, Ignorance, Insecurity, Frustration A. David continues to be protected by the Lord. What were the consequences disobedience in the Bible for Saul? Romans 12:17-21 – Never avenge yourselves. B. Haters Hate…but God 1 Samuel 23:14 Saul sought him every day, but God delivered him not into his hand. Obviously God had not done this since David was the Lord"s anointed king-elect. What did Gad tell David to do (24:18)? Saul). Discussion on the book of 1 Samuel chapter 23 from the King James Bible Online. What do you learn about David’s leadership? 1 Peter 3:9 – Do not repay evil for evil. * And will Saul actually come as I have heard? The sites of Horesh ( 1 Samuel 23:15) and Hachilah ( 1 Samuel 23:19) are not certain. He also did it by distracting David"s enemy ( 1 Samuel 23:27-28). As your group discusses this book, I want to encourage you to see the overarching theme of God’s greatness as the umbrella that encompasses each story. 22 Go and check again to be sure of where he is staying and who has seen him there, for I know that he is very crafty. Ever since that time, the place where David was camped has been called the Rock of Escape.*2. His first concern is to bring back the ark of God. 28 So Saul quit the chase and returned to fight the Philistines. "Good!" In fact, I believe the two sections of the chapter are very much related, as we shall soon see. 20 Come down whenever you're ready, O king, and we will catch him and hand him over to you!". Hannah’s Prayer - Then Hannah prayed and said: “My heart rejoices in the LORD; in the LORD my horn is lifted high. Do you allow him to shine his spotlight onto those areas which are not in line with his will and purposes for you? . Ever since that time, the place where David was camped has been called the Rock of Escape.*2. What was David’s response to what he saw (24:17)? 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors. Moreover, other godly people encouraged David, namely, Abiathar the priest, who helped him in prayer ( 1 Samuel 23:6), and Jonathan the prince, who reminded him of God"s promises ( 1 Samuel 23:16-18). in God. Psalm 54tells us what David was thinking and praying during this experience. Israel has been defeated in an initial battle with the Philistines, suffering the loss of about 4,000 lives (1 Samuel 4:1-2). Learn his routines. Word soon reached Saul that David had escaped, so he didn't go to Keilah after all. "Good!" An Unlikely Advocate - 1 Samuel 25; God Meant It for Good - Genesis 37, 50; To be used with: Session Two "It's Not About Me" Scriptures: 1 Samuel 24:1–22. He also described himself as the Lord"s "servant" twice. (Elkanah was a man who took his family to worship and sacrifice to the Lord every year. David voiced concern for his men ( 1 Samuel 23:12) as well as for himself ( 1 Samuel 23:11). They prepared to go down to Keilah to attack David and his men. God is not a respecter of persons , and so He sent Nathan the prophet to confront David. The presence of the ephod made it possible for David to continue to obtain guidance from the Lord in answer to his prayers. Herod the Great was another cunning ruler, who also was not worthy to be king, who tried to execute the Lord"s anointed, Jesus Christ (cf. What do you learn about pleasing God? 1 Samuel lets the reader glimpse behind the scenes to see how God … God is sovereign. The "Arabah" describes the low-lying area that extends from Mt. Was this the proper response? They must listen to God’s words in a humble manner; they must speak to him in a manner that respects him. Saul had to break off his personal vendetta to respond to the Philistine danger (cf. Jonathan had reached a point in his faith in God where he was willing to let go of what he wanted so he might do what God wanted. 9 But David learned of Saul's plan and told Abiathar the priest to bring the ephod and ask the LORD what he should do. 7 Saul soon learned that David was at Keilah. How did David receive strength during his trials? And the LORD said, "He will come. 8 So Saul mobilized his entire army to march to Keilah and attack David and his men. He’s the God above all gods, the King above all kings. 5 So David and his men went to Keilah. . 2 Samuel also points the way to hope: Jesus Christ. Bibliography InformationConstable, Thomas. He might have blamed them for sheltering David and taken revenge on them as he had on the people of Nob. 4. 2 Samuel also points the way to hope: Jesus Christ. He didn’t stop seeking the Lord as he matured. There are slight variations in the way biblical scholars divide the contents of 1 Samuel. We’d love to hear your feed-back on this study. To obey is better than to sacrifice and to heed than the fat of rams. Ahithophel clearly understood David’s vulnerability at this stage of the revolt. 1. Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of 1 Samuel with a group of people. 1 Samuel 23 Now they told David, "The Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and are robbing the threshing floors." Please let your servant speak to you, hear what your servant his to say…” (1 Samuel 25:23-24) Abigail had the courage and strength to shoulder the blame for something she didn’t do. Then they told David, saying, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah, and they are robbing the threshing floors.” His infant son had died. He sought God in prayer ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; cf. 15 One day near Horesh, David received the news that Saul was on the way to Ziph to search for him and kill him. David sought to defend his countrymen and fellow Judahites from their hostile foreign enemy, even though he was also watching out for Saul. In some cases (as in the sparing of Saul), he acts in a most honorable way. God manifested His will through the Urim and Thummim in the priestly ephod ( 1 Samuel 23:6; 1 Samuel 23:9; cf. Everyday events can be part of God's greater plan. 23 “Do what seems best to you,” her husband Elkanah told her. More people were siding with David and were turning from Saul. David Spares the Lordʹs Anointed (1 Samuel 24‐28) 6. 1 Samuel • ... them and return the money they robbed. Results for 1 Samuel 23. "At last someone is concerned about me! We certainly don't want to go to Keilah to fight the whole Philistine army!" The Birth of Samuel … 22 but Hannah did not go. Saul said, “GOD bless you for thinking about me! He is constantly in fear for his life. Nevertheless David attacked and soundly defeated the Philistines because of God"s promise and power. Why do you think God showed this to David? Eli explained to Samuel that God still does call people to serve him. "Where David had appointed to meet him at that time, and strengthened his hand in God”: He comforted and supported him against all his fears, by minding him of God’s infallible promises made to him, and his singular providence which hitherto had and still would be with him. Abiathar had evidently remained in the forest of Hereth when David took his men to attack the Philistines in Keilah (cf. Saul fails to obey and honor God, and the kingdom is given to another man. 15:24-25 Put this story into your own words. 17 "Don't be afraid," Jonathan reassured him. Just as Saul and his men began to close in on David and his men, "go," "make more sure," "investigate," "see," "look," "learn;". Saul was projecting his own deceitful behavior onto David. lights) and Thummim (lit. Jonathanʹs Friendship, Saulʹs Jealousy (1 Samuel 18‐20) 4. Their relationship with him is like a servant’s relationship with his master. Do you shake your fist in God’s face and exclaim, “It’s not fair!”? [Note: Gordon, I & II Samuel . 22 But if I say to the youth, h ‘Look, the arrows are beyond you,’ then go, for the L ord has sent you away. 6:1-8). 1 Samuel 23:7) and praised the Ziphites for having compassion on him. He trusted in God. David Spares the Lordʹs Anointed (1 Samuel 24‐28) 6. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 23:4". David is remembered as "a man after God's own heart." 1 Chronicles 9:22 suggests he organized the Levites in the service of the sanctuary which was completed by David and Solomon. What do you learn about obeying God? Evidently the Ziphites thought that they would be better off if they informed Saul of David"s presence in their area than if the king discovered that he was there. God has handed him over to me, for he has trapped himself in a walled city!" What do you learn about God’s attitude to *sacrifices? 1 Samuel 23 – David Saves Keliah; David Escapes from Saul A. David saves Keliah from the Philistines. 9 But David learned of Saul's plan and told Abiathar the priest to bring the ephod and ask the LORD what he should do. 6 Abiathar the priest went to Keilah with David, taking the ephod with him to get answers for David from the LORD. Who wrote this book? 23 Discover his hiding places, and come back with a more definite report. 21:9). KJV Standard; KJV 1611; Mobile Site; Bible Trivia; Discussion; More... 1 Samuel King James Version (KJV) 1 Samuel Chapter 23 Discussion < Back to 1 Samuel Chapter 23 Enter New Comment . 18 So the two of them renewed their covenant of friendship before the LORD. Everyday events can be part of God's greater plan. God could act against them in such a severe manner that Israel would not still exist. Thus, it became Samuel’s task to anoint a king from among the people. How often do you take time to examine yourself before God? David"s escape from the wilderness of Ziph23:19-23. ., p175.]. What did Samuel tell Saul? 1-samuel 23:16 And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God. Without complaint David obeyed his father when Jesse asked David to take food to his brothers and check on them (1 Samuel 17:17-20). 23 “Do what seems best to you,” her husband Elkanah told her. Glory to Honor. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain.Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. And if he is in the area at all, I'll track him down, even if I have to search every hiding place in Judah!" Obedience. Instead, he helped David escape from Saul. "1 Why do you think God showed this to David? Had his counsel been followed, the result would have been critical for David. He is misguided and blind to his own condition and the reality of the situation he is in. David Flees from Saul (1 Samuel 21‐23) 5. Saul, having made himself drunk with the blood of the priests of the Lord, is here, in this chapter, seeking David’s life, who appears here doing good, and suffering ill, at the same time. 10) Do not let His words fail: When he received a word from the Lord, first about the fate of Eli and his sons and later about the prophecy regarding Israel, Samuel shared God’s word. 2 Samuel 23-24 Success and Failure 2 Samuel 23:1-7 | 23:8- 39 | 2 Samuel 23 Bible Study 2 Samuel 24:1-9 | 24 ... What can we learn from this? he exclaimed. David is remembered as "a man after God's own heart." "1, 12 Again David asked, "Will these men of Keilah really betray me and my men to Saul?" What did David do while he trusted God? This chapter encourages all of God"s servants who, like David, feel vulnerable to attacks by people who do not fear the Lord. 1 Samuel 23:1). He is constantly orchestrating events to work together to fulfill his purpose. 15:22-23 Put this story into your own words. Read chapter 1, then discuss these questions: 15:24-25 Put this story into your own words. Matthew 2:1-12). Why or why not? 2:2). What do you learn about obeying God? The following is a suggested outline: I. Only God can see the big picture. 1 Samuel 22. God did not want Saul to hunt him down, much less kill him. This is a most difficult time for David. Themes in 1 Samuel . 1 Samuel 15:23, then, lays out the consequence for Saul’s disobedience. Saul hunted him day after day, but God didn't let him be found. God is sovereign. ], "LORD God of Israel," the ultimate ruler of His people. There are slight variations in the way biblical scholars divide the contents of 1 Samuel. Exodus 28:30). 19 But now the men of Ziph went to Saul in Gibeah and betrayed David to him. I’m sure there were days that David felt forgotten by God. God was protecting His servant. Jeshimon means "desert" or "waste" in Hebrew, so it may have been the name of a region east of Ziph. God answered his prayers ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; cf. Hannah Dedicates Samuel. Psalm 54tells us what David was thinking and praying during this experience. 26 He and David were now on opposite sides of a mountain. Read 1 Samuel 15:22-23. DD. You will find these questions on the Internet at www.usefulbible.com. 21 When her husband Elkanah went up with all his family to offer the annual sacrifice to the Lord and to fulfill his vow, 22 Hannah did not go. Just as Saul"s men were about to close in on David, news reached Saul that the Philistines had invaded an unspecified area of Israel. Introduction: Why do haters hate? 4 So David asked the LORD again, and again the LORD replied, "Go down to Keilah, for I will help you conquer the Philistines." 23. David left Keilah after he learned that he would be vulnerable if he stayed there ( 1 Samuel 23:13). God told David to go against the Philistines first. "We've got him now! In contrast, … God had used Abiathar to encourage David recently in Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:6). 1 year Ago. He did not take revenge on the citizens of Keilah for telling Saul where he was. And the men who murdered my slaves, kill them and avenge their blood. "Yes, go and save Keilah," the LORD told him.. 3 But David's men said, "We're afraid even here in Judah.We certainly don't want to go to Keilah to fight the whole Philistine army!" 1 Samuel 23:16 "And Jonathan Saul's son arose, and went to David into the wood, and strengthened his hand in God." 28 So Saul quit the chase and returned to fight the Philistines. Saul said, “God has given David to me. ", 4 So David asked the LORD again, and again the LORD replied, "Go down to Keilah, for I will help you conquer the Philistines.". 1 Chronicles 26:27-28 says Samuel began collecting treasures for building the temple in Solomon’s day. Saul summoned soldiers to accompany him to Keilah ( 1 Samuel 23:7), but there is no mention that he prayed for divine guidance as David had done ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4). The high priest carried them in the pocket on the front of his ephod (apron). Only God can see the big picture. He fell flat on his face and ended up with a broken neck. You are here: God >> The Bible >> 1 Samuel 23 1 One day news came to David that the Philistines were at Keilah stealing grain from the threshing floors.. 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" David and the Holy Bread . What do you learn about God’s attitude to *sacrifices? Part 1 - 1 Samuel chapter 1 - Samuel: the boy whose mother gave him to God. In my last message, I told you about my friend, Karl Lind, who is waiting to be with the Lord. 23 Discover his hiding places, and come back with a more definite report. (27-15) 2 Samuel 17:1–23. The Philistines were plundering the threshing floors there. And the LORD replied, "Yes, they will betray you." Samuel’s heritage lived on in a remarkable way. For this reason God could and did work through David as His vice-regent. Samuel was called to the prophetic office (i.e. As Saul pursued David, Israel was invaded by the Philistines and Saul had to leave his pursuits of David to protect the country. 10 And David prayed, "O LORD, God of Israel, I have heard that Saul is planning to come and destroy Keilah because I am here. (Elkanah, Peninnah and Hannah) What do you learn about them? David then moved on to Engedi, 14miles east of Ziph, to increase his safety. Here’s 5 Lessons We Learn From the book of 2 Samuel. As we do, we see the greatness of our God over His people. What lessons can we learn from this? Hermon to the Red Sea, including the Jordan Valley and Dead Sea regions. As Samuel told him, God "has rejected you from being king" (1 Samuel 15:23). Apparently David didn’t have a great relationship with his brothers. Was this the proper response? 1 When David was told, “Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah and are looting the threshing floors,” 2 he inquired of the Lord, saying, “Shall I go and attack these Philistines?” The Lord answered him, “Go, attack the Philistines and save Keilah.” 3 But David’s men said to him, “Here in Judah we are afraid. What is it that God revealed to David (24:17)? Jonathan cooperated with God"s plans, but Saul resisted them. And the LORD replied, "Yes, they will betray you.". 10 And David prayed, "O LORD, God of Israel, I have heard that Saul is planning to come and destroy Keilah because I am here. In chapter 7, God reveals his plan for salvation through David's house. What did Gad tell David to do (24:18)? However there is no mention of his seeking divine help in prayer (cf. What do you learn about his men? David remained faithful to God throughout his life. His loyalty to His Creator was beyond question. He had 2 wives. 15:22-23 Put this story into your own words. God chose David as Saul’s to be a special spokesman for God) when he was very young. David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. 2012. David went to rescue the people of Keilah from the Philistines, but then he had to flee from that town because the citizens were going to hand him over to Saul. David Strengthens Himself in the Lord (1 Samuel 29‐2 Samuel 1) Saul felt confident that he could control the gate and so trap David. He saved him by bringing information to his ears that David needed to protect himself ( 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12; 1 Samuel 23:25). David as a Fugitive. Why or why not? He submitted to God’s dealings with him. A call from God. 17 "Don't be afraid," Jonathan reassured him. Hannah Dedicates Samuel. Really it was David who was in need of compassion from these people, but he found none. Jeshimon means "desert" or "waste" in Hebrew, so it may have been the name of a region east of Ziph. “That’s nothing,” Karl respo… "Yes, go and save Keilah," the LORD told him. (1-4) God directs David to fight against the Philistines and deliver the city of Keliah. The birth and early years of Samuel (1:1–7:14). Word soon reached Saul that David had escaped, so he didn't go to Keilah after all. (1-4) God directs David to fight against the Philistines and deliver the city of Keliah. he exclaimed. King James Bible Online. But David's sin against Bathsheba shows this most vividly of all. Observe his movements—where he goes, who he’s with. You will find these questions on the Internet at www.usefulbible.com. 11 Will the men of Keilah surrender me to him? Read about his reliance on God in the psalms of David. Jonathanʹs Friendship, Saulʹs Jealousy (1 Samuel 18‐20) 4. The literary spotlight now moves back from Saul to David and his activities. He didn’t stop seeking the Lord as he matured. Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh. 1 Samuel 18:3; 1 Samuel 20:8; 1 Samuel 20:12-17). David trapped himself when he went into a city surrounded by a wall with gates and bars to lock them.” 8 Saul called all his army together for battle. “There is no one holy like the LORD; there is no one besides you; there is no Rock like our God. 3 But David's men said, "We're afraid even here in Judah. "He is in the strongholds of Horesh on the hill of Hakilah, which is in the southern part of Jeshimon. Anne Lamotte said "You can safely assume that you've created God in your own image when it turns out that God hates all the same people you do." 1 Samuel 22:20-23). Read chapter 1, then discuss these questions: ., p175. Religious observance without complete obedience is empty before God. What do you learn about pride? He’s holy. perfections) were evidently two stones or similar objects, one light and the other dark in color. “After the boy is weaned,” she said to her husband, “I will take him to appear before the LORD and to stay there permanently.” 23 “Do what you think is best,” her husband Elkanah replied, “and stay here until you have weaned him. Read 1 Samuel 1:1-8. Who are the main characters in these verses? Twelve thousand men against the small band who had fled with David would have been a disaster for David. David left Keilah after he learned that he would be vulnerable if he stayed there ( 1 Samuel 23:13). David lived halfway between the time of Abraham, with whom God made his original covenant, and Jesus, who fulfilled that covenant on the cross. David Strengthens Himself in the Lord (1 Samuel 29‐2 Samuel 1) 2 David asked the LORD, "Should I go and attack them?" Then, in response to David"s second prayer, He promised that He (emphatic in the Hebrew text) would give the Philistines into David"s hand. He was "the sweet psalmist of Israel" (2 Samuel 23:1 2 Samuel 23:1 Now these be the last words of David. What he said to David rested on God"s promises and plans for David that both Jonathan and Saul now knew (cf. 1 Samuel 23:2; 1 Samuel 23:4; 1 Samuel 23:11-12). Read verse in New Revised Standard The high priest carried them in the pocket on the front of his ephod (apron). He ascertained God"s will by drawing one out after mentally assigning a meaning to each. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/1-samuel-23.html. I mentioned that as a boy, I was always looking around, wondering where all the bodies were. Leave it to the wrath of God; Matthew 5:38-39 – Turn the other cheek. 27 an urgent message reached Saul that the Philistines were raiding Israel again. Themes in 1 Samuel . 13 So David and his men--about six hundred of them now--left Keilah and began roaming the countryside. Whether Israel was under judges or kings, its destiny ultimately depended on God, because all rulers answer to him. (Elkanah was a man who took his family to worship and sacrifice to the Lord every year. God has not forgotten you. But there is so much more we can learn from 1 Samuel 17 and this magnificent story. Session Two. Introduction. "He is in the strongholds of Horesh on the hill of Hakilah, which is in the southern part of Jeshimon. 1 Samuel 23. God is not a respecter of persons , and so He sent Nathan the prophet to confront David. Like Samson, whom we looked at in Lesson 12, Samuel was a Nazirite. We can be blind to our own condition too. Yet, he survives by continually seeking God’s will. Samuel’s heritage lived on in a remarkable way. The crucial question is: How do you respond when God deals with you in the aftermath of your sin? Jonathan and David made another covenant (cf. He did not become anxious and just wait. 1 Samuel chapter 3. Outline of 1 Samuel. But Saul kept after him. How often do you take time to examine yourself before God? My mouth boasts over my enemies, for I delight in your deliverance. “Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, he has rejected you as king.” "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". 1 Samuel 23 – David Saves Keliah; David Escapes from Saul A. David saves Keliah from the Philistines. God had revealed to David, that in the end, the LORD is judge of all. Cross-References. Matthew 28:19-20). The number of David"s supporters had grown from400 ( 1 Samuel 22:2) to600. David prayed again and requested answers to two questions ( 1 Samuel 23:10-11). David and his men then sought refuge behind a huge rock in the area. I also told him I had used him in the introduction to my sermon, and then we reminisced about the “good old days” when Bible Baptist Church was just beginning and we met in a funeral parlor. He also described himself as the Lord"s "servant" twice. Saul hunted him day after day, but God didn't let him be found. The Lord, who is a perfect Father, loves us and knows what will work out best in our lives. The threshing floors were places where the Israelites stored their threshed grain after threshing it (cf. Meanwhile, David and his men had moved into the wilderness of Maon in the Arabah Valley south of Jeshimon. In 1 Samuel 23: 7 Saul still thinks God is on his side. If this should happen the people of the land will leave you. In ch23 , David, even while on the run from Saul, is shown saving a city from Philistine attack." 19 But now the men of Ziph went to Saul in Gibeah and betrayed David to him. He is misguided and blind to his own condition and the reality of the situation he is in. He was aggressively carrying out the will of God by defeating Israel"s enemies as the Lord"s anointed servant. (2 Samuel 1-5) David was anointed King around the age of 15 but he did not take the throne until he was 30! David was not just defending himself during this period of his life. So, people must not be too afraid to listen to God; and they must not be too proud to obey him. And during that waiting period David faced a lot of hardship. It’s always a pleasure to have you. Again Saul spoke piously (cf. He was promised to God by his mother prior to birth, and this promise constituted the Nazirite vow (see Num. The prophet related a story to the king and then, with a clever twist in the details, got him to recognize the seriousness of his transgressions (2 Samuel 12:1-13). 23. God has handed him over to me, for he has trapped himself in a walled city!". 13 So David and his men--about six hundred of them now--left Keilah and began roaming the countryside. 1 Samuel 1–2:11 What does it mean to keep choosing God in the midst of successes and failures? O LORD, God of Israel, please tell me." A common thread through all these stories is God’s undying faithfulness to his people. Jonathan encouraged David "in God" (cf. 1-samuel 23:17 And he said unto him, Fear not: for the hand of Saul my father shall not find thee; and thou shalt be king over Israel, and I shall be next unto thee; and … 27 an urgent message reached Saul that the Philistines were raiding Israel again. For the moment, let me simply say that the entire chapter is about greatness. 1 Samuel lets the reader glimpse behind the scenes to see how God … 1. 1 Samuel 23. He is constantly orchestrating events to work together to fulfill his purpose. He trusted in God. Saul should have come to their rescue since he was the king, but there is no mention of him doing so. Now Saul sought and received human guidance and failed near Ziph ( 1 Samuel 23:15-23). Now go back and check everything out. The willingness of the people of Keilah to hand their savior over to Saul demonstrates base ingratitude for David"s deliverance of them. We can be blind to our own condition too. Note David’s response (12:19-23). 1: Some manuscripts lack the first sentence of 23:11. 2 Samuel 23:3 "The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men [must be] just, ruling in the fear of God." The writer gave credit to David for the victory ( 1 Samuel 23:5), but clearly it was God who enabled him to win against such a daunting foe ( 1 Samuel 23:4). Jonathan Warns David . What do you think about Saul’s behaviour? Shawn Bumpers . Evidently Abiathar interpreted the will of God for David. Verse 2~David had the admirable quality of inquiring of Jehovah God. David Flees from Saul (1 Samuel 21‐23) 5. It also reveals how fearful they were of Saul who had recently destroyed another town, Nob, for harboring David ( 1 Samuel 22:19). Saul abandoned his plans to attack Keilah, and David moved on to the wilderness near Ziph. God at work for David and this is the summary of 1 Samuel chapter 23. In 1 Samuel 12:22, Samuel was speaking to people who were afraid because of their evil deeds. He’s worthy.
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