It covers all the bases using international and pluralist outlooks. Abused: Taken advantage of, hurt. Atlas » Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. Political science, occasionally called politology, is a discipline of social science which deals with systems of governance, and the analysis of political activities, political thoughts, associated constitutions and political behaviour.. Without them, it is barren. Political Science is neither an exact science, nor can it claim to predict the future with certainty. Does a science involve merely systematic reasoning, or must the reasoning be exact and the conclusions clearly defined and subject to no exceptions as in natural or physical sciences? They have not so far taken any tangible shape, and the well-accepted ideas about Political Science continue to hold good. The necessity of such a distinction was deemed all the more important in the light of Karl Marx s challenge that all thinking is ideological. Order is also required if politics is a riot to disappear into chaos or civil war. View … each in his particular mode, contributes to the general fund of this Thought, which then reflects the spirit of a decade or an age. From Plato’s and Aristotle’s times, men’s ideas of what is do not agree, and the riddle of social justice remains unresolved. Others maintained that as Politics was concerned primarily with constructing, based on certain psychological premises, the system of relations which ought to be established among the persons governing and between them and the governed in a society, the State, its structure, its nature, and its purposes depended upon our conception of right and wrong, and, as such, the subject relating to the principles underlying political institution should appropriately be called Political Philosophy. Rather it is explanatory and oriented towards understanding. It is these generalizations and hypotheses which seek to explain a political system by discovered its operating principles. He suggested that Political Thought is general and is the thinking of the whole community at a particular historical stage and is reflected in the writings of poets, politicians, publicists, etc. He tolerates neither criticism nor opposition and demands from others a total commitment to the ideology and the values it sustains. Political Science deals with men, and it is a living subject matter which can be explained in terms of living human activity. They agreed with Burke that there was no science of politics any more than there was a science of aesthetics, for the lines of politics are not like the lines of mathematics. They are Always and Never, and the same applies to Political Science. Its focus of attention was the moral criterion of political conduct. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Political Science Glossary. is meant a systematized body of knowledge the facts of which have been accurately and impartially collected, arranged and classified, through the use of various scientific methods of observation, comparison, and analysis, with cautious statements of findings, then, Political Science can claim to be a science. Thus, the phenomena of the State exhibit a certain order, regularity, and connection in their sequences. Epistemology The study of how we know what we know, and how sure we can be. Plato examined several points which have continued to exercise philosophers to the present time: what is the nature of the good or goodness at which man should aim? Other concepts are unique to their discipline. As indicated, political science approaches are largely descriptive, and the new programs, therefore, had to take this material and turn it on its head by presenting it in a fashion that would allow future practitioners to use it as a lever to achieve policy and managerial goals—what might be called political and managerial engineering. So far, we have treated the subject of our study as a science. As Frank Thakhrdas says, ideological politics is doctrinaire, didactic, dogmatic, transitory, prescriptive, polemical and propagandist, partisan, combative and destructive, whose appeal is like a religious belief, which would not suffer either doubt or criticism. Historical political theoryengages political philosophers from the past (e.g. Through long and intensive propaganda and usage processes, political ideology tends to become the characteristic belief or dogma of a particular group, party, or nationality. 1 About this guide This plain English guide focuses on political terms as part of our ongoing campaign on literacy and political participation. This article sets the context and defines the term as well as analyzing the scope and importance of political science. Cram.com makes it easy to get the grade you want! If there is any variation, it can be tested and explained. Your email address will not be published. If the scientific method gives precision, it must also consider the ideal conditions for which man has ever yearned. It is an intimation of a major step like political science as science? The political philosopher, like a political theorist, seeks an explanation or offers one for the Complex phenomenon of the State, but, unlike the latter, his focus of attention is the enduring elements of political life, and he endeavors to suggest how best the purpose of political life ought to be realized. Thucyides and Plato) to the present (e.g. So as to distinguish it as inferior or superior to another race or races. to clear the street, most Americans will do so because they respect the right of But these writers overlook the intensely realistic concern of Plato. Basic Terms and Concepts of Political Science - Chapter Summary. Distinguished scholars, like Bodin, Hobbes, Sidgwick, and Bryce, had held the same view, But some earlier writers denied this claim of Political Science. amzn_assoc_region = "US"; In fact, all serious study must be scientific in the sense that all conclusions must be based on ascertainable facts, and research carried out With the minimum prejudice and emotion and with the maximum of rational inquiry. Wendy Brown and Seyla Benahabib), and may focus on how particular philosophers engag… As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. He is not a student of Political Science. What Are the Different Types of Governments? Political Science 101 has been evaluated and recommended for 3 semester hours and may be transferred to over 2,000 colleges and universities. Firstly, in physical and natural sciences, the evidence is objective, usually measured and expressed quantitatively, whereas in Political Science. Millions of books are just a click away on BN.com and through our FREE NOOK reading apps. Political theory is concerned mainly with the foundations of political community and institutions. But ordinary usage equates Politics with party politics and politicians with party politicians. A student of Political Science will know something of society whose political system is involved, its history and traditions, its physical and human environments to assess the extent to which the existing institutions fulfill the aspirations of the people and help achieve the goal of “good life.” A politician may have nothing to do with all this.
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