These buildings were probably done in the typical wattle and daub construction common among Southeastern Native American groups. The dig is to celebrate Florida Archaeology Month, to gain archaeological knowledge and to interest the public in archaeology and local history. (Or perhaps it was 1600 CE; no one knows for sure). The mound served as the ceremonial and political center of their chiefdom and probably the residence of the chief. Emerald Coast Archaeology Society. [9] By 1960 Dr. Charles Fairbanks, an archaeologist and professor at Florida State University, was contacted by the city and he excavated the mound to determine the original size, shape, and construction method of the mound. It was occupied during the entire Fort Walton period, but abandoned at about 1500 CE when the capital of the chiefdom was moved to nearby Anhaica, the capital when the de Soto entrada encamped there in the winter of 1539. Fort Walton Incised Fort Walton Incised Fort Walton Incised Ft. Walton Incised, fine incised and punctated. 151. FORT WALTON (Culture Keyword) 1-14 (14 Records) Archaeological Investigations at Six Sites in the Apalachicola River Valley, Northwest Florida (1994) In 1962 the Indian Temple Mound Museum opened as the first municipally owned and operated museum in the State of Florida. However, along St. Joseph Bay and throughout coastal regions of the Apalachicola River Valley, Fort Walton sites lack archaeological evidence for Willey, Gordon, "Archaeology of the Florida Gulf Coast," Washington, Smithsonian Institution, 1949, pg. Lazarus, Yulee, "A Temple-Style Shelter on the Fort Walton Temple Mound," Florida Journal of Anthropology, pg. [7] In 1940 the highly respected archaeologist Gordon Willey and Richard Woodbury reexamined the Fort Walton Mound and other sites Moore had visited. John Love McKinnon, an officer with the Walton Guards at the time, wrote a description of their excavation in his book "History of Walton County. 163-177, Lazarus, Yulee, "Fort Walton Temple Mound (8OK6M): Further Test Excavations, DePauw 1973," Florida Anthropologist, vol. The museum was first opened in 1962 and the current location was opened in 1972. The company has 4 principals on record. Lindsay Bloch, Ph.D. She found several post holes from different structures built on top of the mound and evidence for a charnel house. [2], Layouts and locations for Fort Walton sites are similar to other Mississippian culture sites, with the exception of sites in the Tallahassee Hills area which because of the local geography are located around lakes and swamps instead of rivers. Sorting Criteria. The Boardwalk is the hub of locally-owned shops and restaurants. A number of crops were successful including corn, beans, and squash. Archaeological evidence suggests that several buildings once stood on top of the mound, perhaps at different times throughout its use. By sometime in the late 1600s the mound was abandoned by its original builders and lay dormant in use until the area was reinhabited by white settlers in the mid 19th century. Introduction to Archaeology for Kids! The Fort Walton Mound (8OK6) is an archaeological site located in present-day Fort Walton Beach, Florida, United States. U.S. National Register of Historic Places, "National Register of Historical Places - Florida (FL), Okaloosa County",, "Modeling Fort Walton Culture in Northwest Florida", Fort Walton Heritage Park and Cultural Center, Florida's Office of Cultural and Historical Programs, Indian Temple Mound Museum and Fort Walton Temple Mound, Hopewell Culture National Historical Park, History of the National Register of Historic Places,, Pre-Columbian art museums in the United States, National Register of Historic Places in Okaloosa County, Florida, Tourist attractions in Okaloosa County, Florida, Short description with empty Wikidata description, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 November 2020, at 04:28. Through more work in the area archaeologist have now come to believe the Ft. Walton site was actually built and used by people of the contemporaneous Pensacola culture. This new phase is known as the Leon-Jefferson culture. Using this unique combination of sand/grit/grog tempering as its criterion Fort Walton culture is now defined within the geographical area stretching from the Aucilla River in the east to a Pensacola–Fort Walton transitional area around Choctawhatchee Bay in the west and north into the interior of south Alabama and Georgia, 107 miles (172 km) up the Apalachicola River and 50 miles (80 km) up the Chattahoochee River. Walker, S.T., "Annual report of the Smithsonian Institution for the year 1883". Settlement types include single family homesteads, multi family hamlets, small single mound centers, and large multimound centers. Find Roman Art and Archaeology at Fort Walton Beach, Florida, along with other Social Sciences in Fort Walton Beach, Florida. [1], The Lake Jackson Mounds site in Leon County is the largest known ceremonial center of the Fort Walton culture, although there are eight other known ceremonial sites in the Apalachee Province. Fort Walton material culture apparently represents the last original natives of this valley, who either died out by 1700 or merged with newcomers from other indian groups fleeing the effects of European colonization. It was also the burial ground of the elites in the society. It was also the burial ground of the elites in the society. Brose, David and Nancy White, "The Northwest Florida Expedition of Clarence Bloomfield Moore," University of Alabama Press, 1999, pgs. The City of Fort Walton Beach Heritage Park & Cultural Center consists of the Indian Temple Mound Museum, Fort Walton Temple Mound, Camp Walton Schoolhouse Museum, Garnier Post Office Museum and the newly opened Civil War Exhibit Hall. XVIII, No. Image source: TripAdvisor. 68. "[5] McKinnon noted that several human remains the soldiers unearthed were from large individuals and probably belonged to warriors as indicated by damage they observed on the skulls, thighs and arms bones consistent with hacking and blunt force trauma. A: Fort Walton Incised pottery fragment, B: Carrabelle Punctate pottery fragment, C: Pinellas type projectile point, D: charred maize (Zea mays) cobs, E: burned clay with palm frond impression. The site also served as a voting location. Another large site located nearby is the Velda Mound, which was occupied from approximately 14… Marsh Island Incised. As with many of Florida's mound structures, the Fort Walton Mound was first excavated by antiquarians and amateur archaeologists. 38, No. [6], Late prehistoric Native American archaeological culture, "An archaeological assessment of the Bradfordville Commercial Tract in Leon County, Florida", "Modeling Fort Walton Culture in Northwest Florida", "SEAC Reviews : The Apalachee Indians and Mission San Luis, by John H. Hann and Bonnie G. McEwan", "Prehistoric and Protohistoric Fort Walton at the Thick Greenbriar Site (8JA417), Northwest Florida", Hopewell Culture National Historical Park,, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 June 2020, at 20:44. [11] In 1971-1973 with the help of Depauw University's Robert J. Fornaro the mound was excavated to locate post holes and recover ceramic material that might fit vessels found earlier. ECAS is a nonprofit Florida corporation that represents Okaloosa, Walton, and Bay counties.. We provide expertise, generally at no charge, to individuals, government agencies, and companies who have archaeological questions that would otherwise go unanswered. If archaeology is a science, as has been argued sincethe late 1960s, archaeologists must use the scientific method to reconstruct prehistoric societies. Successive leaders were buried in the mound and additional layers were added over time. [3] Because of its significance, the mound was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1964. [15], The people are recognized as being one of the most successful pre-Columbian cultures in regards to agriculture. Fort Walton Gastropod Seasonality abstract Recent archaeological investigations indicate that coastal Fort Walton cultures in the St. Joseph Bay re-gion of northwest Florida emphasized marine and estuarine foraging. The flat top was used for ceremonies, temples, and residences for high-ranking officials.[16]. It was occupied during the entire Fort Walton period, but abandoned at about 1500 CE[3] when the capital of the chiefdom was moved to nearby Anhaica, the capital when the de Soto entrada encamped there in the winter of 1539.
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