Where can I find more information on canine influenza viruses? Therefore, the disease is rapidly transmitted between individual dogs. Pet owners should distance themselves from their pets when sick, Glaser recommended. There are many possible causes of gastrointestinal upset in dogs, including viruses, cancer, or simply ingesting something that disagrees with the digestive system. Multiple agencies may have regulatory authority over pets such as dogs and cats when they enter the United States. What is CDC doing about canine influenza? The strain of flu virus that causes infection in dogs is a mutated horse virus. Scientists believe this virus jumped species (from horses to dogs) and has adapted to cause illness in dogs and spread among dogs, especially those housed in kennels and shelters. In the milder form of the disease, this care may include medication to make your dog be more comfortable and fluids to ensure that your dog remains well-hydrated. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. In fact, there are two specific types of flu viruses that can cause the flu, or canine influenza, in dogs. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. Canine influenza H3N2 viruses originated in birds, spread to dogs, and can now spread between dogs. First, CDC continues to conduct year-round surveillance for seasonal and novel influenza A viruses and all human infections with novel influenza A viruses are fully investigated. No, Killer Dog Flu Isn't the Next Human Pandemic A study about a new strain of canine influenza made waves this week. The percentage of dogs infected with this disease that die is very small. For everyone’s sake, still maintaining your pet’s good health and hygiene can go a long way in keeping both your family and your pet happy and healthy. Dogs can’t get the human flu, nor carry it to others. There are two different influenza A dog flu viruses: one is an H3N8 virus and the other is an H3N2 virus. And while there is no indication the dog flu can cause human illness, dogs, as well as cats, can contract the human flu virus. Where did canine influenza viruses come from and how long have they been around? In this study, we identified influenza viruses jumping from pigs into dogs," study author Adolfo Garcia-Sastre said. Influenza affecting dogs are different from the human strains and when these new strains jump to humans, the immune systems — which have no experience of these unknown pathogens — fail to protect the body. Because the influenza virus mutates rapidly, it is certainly within the realm of possibility that, someday, a strain of flu that spreads between humans and dogs will evolve. The first identified case of dog flu in the United States, also known as canine flu, occurred in March of 2015 in Chicago, according to the American Veterinary Medical Foundation. It is a disease with a high morbid If there were evidence that canine influenza viruses were able to infect people with the potential for sustained human to human spread, CDC would execute its existing authorities to limit the introduction and/or spread of that pandemic strain either into or within the U.S. CDC regulations require that dogs be healthy to enter the United States, thus dogs may be denied entry or further evaluated if they look like they are sick with a communicable disease such as canine influenza. Not all dogs experience symptoms, and, most of them recover within a few weeks. Additionally, at this time there is no evidence that canine influenza affects humans nor that it has pandemic potential. They are starting to interact with each other. Researchers found flu strains can jump from pigs to dogs and could affect humans as they spend a lot of time with their pets. Current CDC influenza virus regulations apply only to viruses with pandemic potential in people. Like when the H1N1 flu virus jumped from swine to humans in 2009, sparking the influenza pandemic that killed an estimated 150,000 to 600,000 people, from 2009 to 2010, and a few cats, as well. To keep pets safe, more pet care facilities are requiring Dog Flu vaccinations for all dogs, similar to requirements for Bordetella–another highly contagious pathogen that causes respiratory disease. Can Dogs Transfer the Flu Virus to Humans?   Canine influenza may be endemic in some regional dog populations of the United States. Canine influenza A(H3N2) viruses are different from seasonal influenza A(H3N2) viruses that spread annually in people. Canine influenza (also known as dog flu) is a contagious respiratory disease in dogs caused by specific Type A influenza viruses known to infect dogs. Here's why claims about it triggering a human … Transmission of H3N2 canine influenza viruses to cats from infected dogs has been reported also. Human touch: hands of pet owners, veterinary clinic staff or shelter workers; Prevention Keeps Them Safe. Canine influenza is caused by varieties of influenzavirus A, such as equine influenza virus H3N8, which was discovered to cause disease in canines in 2004. Broad spectrum antibiotics may be prescribed by your veterinarian if a secondary bacterial infection is suspected. However, for now, you can rest assured that no cases have been transmitted from dogs to humans. Make Sure That They are Drinking. Vaccines to protect dogs against both H3N8 and H3N2 canine flu are available in the United States. Dog flu is already similar to human flu — and like human flu, there was a dog flu outbreak throughout the United States in winter 2017. It is extremely infectious between dogs, but there is no evidence that dogs can give it to people or cats, or indeed that the human flu virus can be passed to dogs. In September 2005, this virus was identified by experts as a “newly emerging pathogen in the dog population” in the United States. The flu is spread amongst dogs, so your dog … Saving Lives, Protecting People. How is the Flu Different in Dogs and Humans? To keep pets safe, more pet care facilities are requiring Dog Flu vaccinations for all dogs, similar to requirements for Bordetella–another highly contagious pathogen that causes respiratory disease. "In our study, what we have found is another set of viruses that come from swine that are originally avian in origin, and now they are jumping into dogs and have been reassorted with other viruses in dogs," added Garcia-Sastre, the director of the Global Health and Emerging Pathogens Institute at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai in New York City. Canine influenza H3N8 viruses originated in horses, spread to dogs, and can now spread between dogs. Anyone with concerns about their pet’s health, or whose pet is showing signs of canine influenza, should contact their veterinarian. Dogs also can’t get the same type of flu as humans, but they can get canine flu. Consult your veterinarian to determine if an appointment is needed so the veterinarian can evaluate your dog and recommend an appropriate course of treatment. How does the issue of canine influenza apply to dogs imported into the US from other countries? The dog flu can be just as hard for your pet to go through as the human flu is for you. CDC works closely with other federal agencies to protect U.S. borders against diseases in humans that are carried by animals and animal products. This is now considered a dog-specific, or canine, H3N8 virus. The Spanish flu was an unusually severe and deadly strain of H1N1 avian influenza, a viral infectious disease, that killed some 17 to 50 or more million people worldwide over about a year in 1918 and 1919. This is very reminiscent of what happened in swine 10 years before the H1N1 pandemic," Garcia-Sastre said. In fact, there are two specific types of flu viruses that can cause the flu, or canine influenza, in dogs. Dogs could trigger a flu pandemic among people in the future, a new study revealed Tuesday, raising concerns among dog lovers. Pet owners should distance themselves from their pets when sick, Glaser recommended. "The diversity in dogs has increased so much now that the type of combinations of viruses that can be created in dogs represent potential risk for a virus to jump to a dog into a human. Human infections with novel (new, non-human) influenza A viruses against which the human population has little immunity are concerning when they occur because of the potential that a pandemic could result. Symptoms of the dog flu are similar to those we humans know so well. There is more than one case of dogs becoming ill from an influenza-infected human. DOGS could end up spreading a deadly influenza among humans and spark a Spanish flu style pandemic which could kill millions. June 2018: A new strain was detected (H1N1) in dogs in China (no cases in the U.S. detected). If your dog is exposed to the virus that causes dog flu, the chances of catching it are “close to 100%,” Crawford says. To prevent the pets from contracting the flu, it is necessary to keep them away from sick dogs. These are called “canine influenza viruses.” No human infections with canine influenza have ever been reported. "If there is a lot of immunity against these viruses, they will represent less of a risk, but we now have one more host in which influenza virus is starting to have diverse … characteristics, creating diversity in a host which is in very close contact to humans," Garcia-Sastre said. Canine Influenza. Five years ago, researchers identified a bird-origin flu virus circulating in farm dogs in China. No. Testing to confirm H3N8 and H3N2 canine influenza virus infection in dogs is available. Like human forms of influenza, dog flu is airborne. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Warning signs that your pet might be sick with influenza are similar to human symptoms : A dog passing their illnesses onto humans is comparatively rare but possible. However, some dogs may develop secondary bacterial infections which may lead to more severe illness and pneumonia. It is extremely infectious between dogs, but there is no evidence that dogs can give it to people or cats, or indeed that the human flu virus can be passed to dogs. About 2-3 days after infection, your dog will develop a persistent cough, often accompanied by sneezing, a … CDC can require a veterinary examination at the owner’s expense for dogs that appear sick, or a necropsy (animal autopsy) for dogs that are dead upon arrival in the United States. These are called “canine influenza viruses.” No human infections with canine influenza have ever been reported. "There are attempts to restrict influenza virus in pigs through vaccination and one could consider vaccination for dogs.".
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