Dioscorea: (dī″ō-skŏr′ē-ă) [NL] A genus of yams, a potato-like root vegetable used in many cultures as a source of dietary carbohydrates. [17], First the skin needs to be removed by peeling (or by scraping off using a hard-bristled brush). Shan Yao, Chinese Yam (Dioscorea Opposita) Tincture, Dried Root Liquid Extract, Shan Yao, Glycerite Herbal Supplement 2 Oz. More Accounts and Images; Flora of North America (DIOSC) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DIOSC) Kemper Center for Home Gardening (DIOSC) Synonyms for Dioscorea opposita in Free Thesaurus. Dioscorea sativa Thunb. In Korea it is called ma (hangul: 마), "sanu (山芋, 산우)", seoyeo (薯蕷, 서여), or sanyak (山藥, 산약) and in Sri Lanka in Sinhala it is called wal ala (වැල් අල). [30] The classic Japanese culinary technique is to grate the yam by grinding it against the rough grooved surface of a suribachi, which is an earthenware mortar. In Vietnam, the yam is called củ mài or khoai mài. Dioscorea opposita (nagaimo, Chinese yam, Korean yam) is a name commonly used for two plants correctly known as Dioscorea polystachya and Dioscorea oppositifolia.This page is about D. polystachya, a type of yam that can be eaten raw.. [31] Or the yam is first grated crudely using an oroshigane grater, and subsequently worked into a smoother paste in the suribachi using a wooden pestle. Winkel met vertrouwen. ex Griseb. Dioscorea latifolia Benth. Dioscorea is a genus of over 600 species of flowering plants in the family Dioscoreaceae, native throughout the tropical and warm temperate regions of the world.The vast majority of the species are tropical, with only a few species extending into temperate climates. Dioscorea batatas, Dcne. Dioscorea oppositifolia var. $22.95 $ 22. There are approx. Alibaba.com offers 228 dioscorea villosa extract products. J Ren Nutr 2006;16(4):304-311. The flowers of Chinese yam are cinnamon-scented. ( botanical-online.com ) In the 18th and 19th centuries, herbalists used wild yam ( Dioscorea villosa ) to treat menstrual cramps and problems related to childbirth, as well as for upset stomach and coughs. Since Qianjin Zhidai Wan comes in differing formulations, and since the package labels for imported Chinese products are often incomplete, the ingredients described below are for ITM's Pine Mountain version, for which the ingredients are correctly specified. The arrangement is variable; they may be alternately or oppositely arranged or borne in whorls. The small white flowers smell of cinnamon. . vitamins, herbal supplements, etc. Diosgenin, a spirostanol glycoside, is being investigated as a potential treatment for rheumatoid arthritis (3), though in amounts much larger than would be obtained from shanyao in traditional preparations. The health benefits of Dioscorea are many including benefits in rheumatoid arthritis, muscular rheumatism, cramps and intermittent claudication, cholecystitis, dysmenorrhoea, ovarian and uterine pain. Related Links. It was introduced in Europe in the 19 th century when the potato crop was affected by disease. It is smaller than the African yam. In the description above, the turbidity is made evident in the cloudy urine or the large amount of milky fluid (leukorrhea), and this is associated here with accumulation of damp in the lower burner; the accumulation is related to blockage of the free flow of moisture. Araghiniknam M, Chung S, Nelson-White T, and et al. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5. The so-called dioscorein is not a definite principle of the rhizoma, but is simply a dried solid extract, and to call it other-wise is a misnomer. Dioscorea tunga. What are synonyms for Dioscorea opposita? Shanyao is neutral and sweet. New plants sprout from the bulbils or parts of them. Huai Qing Fu (怀庆俯) region). Dioscorea polystachya or Chinese yam (Chinese: 山药), also called cinnamon-vine,[2] is a species of flowering plant in the yam family. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Legal Status. The leaves are up to 11 centimeters long and wide. The largest may weigh 10 pounds and grow one meter underground. No need to register, buy now! In Korea, there are two main types of Chinese yam: The straight, tube-shaped variant is called jangma (장마 - "long ma"), while danma (단마 - "short ma") refers to the variant, which grows shorter, cluster-like tubes. The species is dioecious (individual flowers are either male or female, but only one sex is to be found on any one plant so both male and female plants must be grown if seed is required). Evaluation of wild yam (Dioscorea villosa) root extract as a potential epigenetic agent in breast cancer cells. By far the most common is Dioscorea opposita, for which the rhizome (tuber) is used; it is called shanyao (mountain herb). Dioscorea violacea Baudon. Otherwise known as the Chinese yam, dioscorea opposita is an edible root vegetable used in a variety of Asian dishes. About 7% of these are Herbal Extract, 0% are Other Extracts. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. Dioscorea villosa , the wild yam, is used as a source of topically applied cosmetics and plant-derived steroids. (Ver artículo: Madroño) Esta planta llega a medir entre 5 y 30 m de largo, y dependiendo de los ejemplares esta se va a ramificar, sus tallos como lo indica su nombre tiene la capacidad de entrelazarse alrededor de las cercas adyacentes y en la vegetación, subiendo tanto e dirección hacia arriba como hacia abajo. [2] Furthermore, neither D. oppositifolia nor the prior D. opposita have been found growing in North America and have no historical range in China or East Asia, this grouping is native only to the subcontinent of India and should not be confused with Dioscorea polystachya. as a synonym of D. Between 7 and 9 months of replanting Chinese yam tubers, their leaves start to get dry (a common fact in plants that grow tubers): that indicates that the tubers are ready for harvest. This species has the potential to become invasive. They are most commonly consumed raw, after the skinned roots have been blended with water, milk or yogurt (occasionally with additional honey) to create a nourishing drink known as majeup (마즙) or "ma juice" (마주스). Removal of potassium from tuberous root vegetables by leaching. [20] Cultivars of this species (such as yamatoimo) is sometimes called "Japanese mountain yam",[21] though that term should properly be reserved for the native Dioscorea japonica.[8]. So, examples of damp-heat syndromes include infections of the kidney, bladder, large intestine, and reproductive organs. In clinical practice, this herb is often used for chronic nephritis. View abstract. Animal evidence suggests Dioscorea villosa can increase skin thickness after low-dose supplementation. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). Dioscorea crispata Roxb. Damp and heat are two pathological influences that can combine together, producing a "damp-heat" syndrome. Be careful not to confuse bitter yam (Dioscorea dumetorum) with wild yam (Dioscorea villosa) or air potato (Dioscorea bulbifera). Removal of potassium from tuberous root vegetables by leaching. Noun 1. Dioscorea villosa , the wild yam, is used as a source of topically applied cosmetics and plant-derived steroids. There are approx. Dioscorea Villosa (Wild Yam) Root Extract is an extract of the roots of Dioscorea villosa, also called Mexidan Yam. The bulbils are sometimes informally referred to as "yam berries" or "yamberries". Araghiniknam M, Chung S, Nelson-White T, and et al. Evaluation of wild yam (Dioscorea villosa) root extract as a potential epigenetic agent in breast cancer cells. Dioscorea villosa (wild yam, colic-root): This native American yam is not edible, but contains several compounds of medical interests. [29], Sometimes the grated yam is used as an additive for making the skin of the manjū confection, in which case the product is called jōyo manjū (薯蕷饅頭) 'yam manjū'. Verschilt van de anderen door een langere en spoelvormige, zwarte wortel van 60-90cm lang. [26][27] This may cause a slight irritation to the hand, and wearing a latex glove is advised, but if an itch develops then lemon juice or vinegar may be applied.[27][25]. The difference is that the nagaimo tends to be more watery, while the native Japanese yam is more viscous. Chinese yam: Dioscorea polystachya, Invasive Plant Atlas: [[email protected]] PLEASE do not plant this vine! Alternatively, the peeled tubers are cut into pieces and served - either raw, after cooking, steaming or frying, along with seasoning sauces. Dioscorea batatas, Dcne. [7] It is believed to have been introduced to Japan in the 17th century or earlier. Plant materials. )", Understanding the germination of bulbils from an ecological perspective: a case study on Chinese yam (, Go Botany, New England Wildflower Society, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health, Chinese yam, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chinese_yam&oldid=990857997, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 26 November 2020, at 22:25. A formulation similar to this one, but with shanyao in place of bixie, is called Suoquan Wan, and is used for treatment of frequent urination or urinary incontinence.
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