According to the best-known meaning of the word, "qarn", in Arabic (that is, horn), Dhu al-Qarnayn means: a person who has two horns. Al-Tha'labi found this view plausible. According to Muslim accounts, this chapter was revealed to Muhammad when his tribe, Quraysh, sent two men to discover whether the Jews, with their superior knowledge of the scriptures, could advise them on whether Muhammad was a true prophet of God. was aware of the works of Zul-Qarnayn, and, before he could do anything and reach any place, Allah knew his fate and taught him and lead him what to do. Thank you for helping build the largest language community on the internet. : "He of the Two Horns"), also spelled Zu al-Qarnayn, appears in the Quran, Surah Al-Kahf (18), Ayahs 83-101 as one who travels to east and west and erects a wall between mankind and Gog and Magog (called Ya'juj and Ma'juj). Lo! Either punish or show them kindness.". The rather short Quranic account of the story of Dhu l-Qarnayn is a mysterious story of the Qur'an appearing after two other mysterious stories in Sura al-Kahf: the story of the Seven Sleepers (People of Kahf) and the story of Musa (a) (Moses) and Khidr. He did not support either party of the disagreement, though he believed that there are Quranic verses which might demonstrate Dhu l-Qarnayn's prophethood, and so, he seems to be inclined to the view that Dhu l-Qarnayn was a prophet. Dhul-Qarnayn (The two-horned in English) features in the Qur'an, the sacred scripture believed by Muslims to have been revealed by Allah to Muhammad.The story of Dhul-Qarnayn appears in seventeen short verses of the Qur'an, specifically verses 18:83-99 of Surah Al-Kahf. [13], The Malay-language Hikayat Iskandar Zulkarnain traces the ancestry of several Southeast Asian royal families, such as the Sumatra Minangkabau royalty,[14] from Iskandar Zulkarnain,[15] through Raja Rajendra Chola (Raja Suran, Raja Chola) in the Malay Annals. [7]:16, According to Muslim records, the Dhu al-Qarnayn story was revealed on the inquisition of Jews who held a high opinion of Cyrus and is also honoured in the Bible; the "He of the Two Horns" (lit. ", "Bring me blocks of iron." In the Syriac story Alexander tested the sea by sending condemned prisoners into it, but the Quran allegedly changes this into a general administration of justice. [16][17][18], According to Bietenholz, the story of Dhu al-Qarnayn has its origins in legends of Alexander the Great current in the Middle East in the early years of the Christian era. On that day we shall present hell to the disbelievers, plain to view. The issue of "Dhu l-Qarnayn" in the Islamic culture originates from the Qur'an. After the Qur'an, the contents of different sources regarding Dhu l-Qarnayn were based on fictions and earlier views, although in some periods, authors tried to adopt a critical approach to such contents and to precisely identify Dhu l-Qarnayn. As for who exactly Dhul-Qarnayn was in history, there are differences of opinion amongst historians and commentators of the Quran. [10] Modern Islamic apocalyptic writers, holding to a literal reading, put forward various explanations for the absence of the wall from the modern world, some saying that Gog and Magog were the Mongols and that the wall is now gone, others that both the wall and Gog and Magog are present but invisible. Dhul-Qarnayn, translated as "the possessor of the two horns," is a legendary king mentioned in Chapter 18 of The Quran, Sura al-Kahf ("The Cave"). 'Dhu'l Qarnayn' as History In the Islamic tradition of scholarship, it is widely acknowledged that the Qur'anic theme of 'Dhu'l Qarnayn' has multiple layers of meanings- as of course, a narrative of 'history'; as a metaphor of ideal statecraft/just ruler-ship and as 'prophecy'. Ghazali's version later made its way into the Thousand and One Nights. Thus, the story of Dhul-Qarnain holds both a historical and spiritual significance and hence, warrants particular focus in research. There has also been a disagreement in Islamic sources with regard to the historical period in which Dhu l-Qarnayn lived. In the 19th century, Orientalists studying the Quran began researching the identity of Dhul-Qarnayn. Pronunciation of Dhul-Qadah with 2 audio pronunciations, 1 synonym, 3 translations and more for Dhul-Qadah. The story of Dhul-Qarnayn (in English "The Two-Horned One"), mentioned in the Quran, is in fact a reference to Alexander the Great. So (it was). Sentient Creation. He lived around 300 years before the birth of 'Isa (a). This is simply false. The rabbis told them to ask Muhammad about three things, one of them "about a man who travelled and reached the east and the west of the earth, what was his story". Call Now: China+86-737-6100242 or 6100642 Canada:+1-604-210-9745 [7]:16, 18-19, In modern times, many Muslim scholars have argued in favour of Dhu al-Qarnayn being actually Cyrus the Great, the founder of the first Persian Empire. He was the one who provided … [19], While the Syriac Legend references the horns of Alexander, it consistently refers to the hero by his Greek name, not using a variant epithet. For centuries, most Muslim historians and Qur'anic commentators endorsed the identity of Dhul-Qarnayn as Alexander, though … Shi'a exegetes were mostly inclined to this view by appealing to this hadith, and thus, they did not inquire about the identity of Dhu l-Qarnayn. Al-Fakhr al-Razi also talked about the disagreement over Dhu l-Qarnayn's prophethood. [32][33] According to Wahb ibn Munabbih, as quoted by Ibn Hisham,[34] King Ṣaʿb was a conqueror who was given the epithet Dhu al-Qarnayn after meeting al-Khidr in Jerusalem. [8] Wheeler accepts the possibility but points out the absence of such a theory by classical Muslim commentators. Opponents of the view have cast doubts on all the above evidence for the view. Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo, Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr). ", "But as for him who believeth and doeth right, good will be his reward, and We shall speak unto him a mild command.". Dhu al-Qarnayn, (Arabic: ذُو ٱلْقَرْنَيْن‎ Ḏū al-Qarnayn, IPA: [ðuː‿l.qar.najn]), Lit. 1 – There is no mention in the Qur’aan of how long Dhu’l-Qarnayn (Alexander) lived, or of the era in which he lived. ", ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim, Current Ummah of Islam (Ummah of Muhammad), Safety of high-energy particle collision experiments, Existential risk from artificial intelligence, Self-Indication Assumption Doomsday argument rebuttal, Self-referencing doomsday argument rebuttal, List of dates predicted for apocalyptic events, List of apocalyptic and post-apocalyptic fiction, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Dhu_al-Qarnayn&oldid=991352230, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, They ask thee concerning Zul-qarnain Say, "I will rehearse to you something of his story. [30] Among Western academics, Brannon Wheeler has argued that the alleged similarities between Alexander romances and the Dhu al-Qarnayn story are actually based on later commentaries of the Qur'an rather than the Qur'an itself. They claim that the Old Testament, and in particular, the Book of Daniel, as well as historical accounts of Xenophon are not reliable sources. There is no doubt that Ya’jooj and Ma’jooj are two huge nations of the sons of Adam. Sign in to disable ALL ads. Yet others believed that Khidr was his cousin and was a flag-holder of his army and surpassed him in drinking the Spring of Life. The name “Dhul-Qarnayn” has been mentioned in surah Kahf. He recognizes that his power and authority come from Allah. [25] Ernst claims that Dhu al-Qarnayn finding the sun setting in a "muddy spring" in the West is equivalent to the "poisonous sea" found by Alexander in the Syriac legend. The fourth story that Allah Almighty mentions in Quran in this particular Surah is the story of great king Dhul-Qarnayn who travelled all across the world to help the people who were in need and spread good wherever he went. Dhul-Qarnayn (Islam) The ruler who built the wall that keeps Gog and Magog from attacking mankind. [2], Early Muslim commentators and historians assimilated Dhu al-Qarnayn to several figures, among them Alexander the Macedonian, the Parthian king Kisrounis,[3] the South-Arabian Himyarite king Sa'b Dhu Marathid, and the North-Arabian Lakhmid king al-Mundhir ibn Imru al-Qays. Al-Qurtubi wrote that Dhu l-Qarnayn is said to be a chosen prophet with whom God conquered the Earth and he allegedly met an angel called "Rabaqil". Other people have also been suggested to be identified with Dhu l-Qarnayn, including Alexandrous from Alexandria, Hermes or Herdis, Marzan b. Madraba the Greek, an Egyptian man from the progeny of Yafith the son of Nuh (a), 'Ayyash, and 'Abd Allah b. Dahhak. Abu Karb Shammir Yar'ash, the King of Himyar, https://en.wikishia.net/index.php?title=Dhu_l-Qarnayn&oldid=133794, Articles with quality and priority assessment, C grade priority and c grade quality articles, Cyrus's justice, good treatment of the peasants, generosity, and fairness in wars, according to the Old Testament and historians such as. Muslim commentators objecting to the Alexander theory have commonly used theological arguments for their conclusions: Alexander lived only a short time, whereas Dhu al-Qarnayn (according to some) lived for 700 years as a sign of God's blessing; Dhu al-Qarnayn worshipped only one God, while Alexander was a polytheist, proudly referring to himself at times as the "Son of Ra" or the "Son of Zeus". How do you say Dhul-Qarnayn? A Mosque in the area of Medina, possibly: This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 16:38. Thus, "Dhu l-Qarnayn" is used in Persian poetry as referring to Alexander the Great. Some people suggested that he was contemporary with, and a student of, Aristotle. Dhul-Qarneyn means having two horns in the head. In western scholars about Dhu l-Qarnayn, it is widely held that he is identical to Alexander the Great, as implied by the entries on "Dhu l-Qarnayn" in Islamic Encyclopedia as well as the Encyclopedia of the Quran. And We knew all concerning him. Thus were they made powerless to scale it or to dig through it. Pearls from Surah Al-Kahf: Exploring the Qur'an's Meaning, Yasir Qadhi Kube Publishing Limited, 4 Mar 2020, meeting of Alexander with the Indian sages, "The Alexander Legend in the Qur'an 18:83-102", "Did the Qurʾān borrow from the Syriac Legend of Alexander? In one of many Arabic and Persian versions of the meeting of Alexander with the Indian sages. For example, during his life, two generations of people disappeared, or he reigned both in Iran and Rome, or he found his way both to the eastern and the western parts of the world, or he was a nobleman both through his father and his mother, or that he saw in a dream that he held two sides of the sun, or he was endowed with the knowledge of the exterior and the interior. He said: "That wherein my Lord hath established me is better (than your tribute). The identity of Gog and Magog and the specification of the geographical location of the dam constructed by Dhu l-Qarnayn to obstruct Gog and Magog are key to the identification of Dhu l-Qarnayn. In addition to Cyrus, other Persian kings have also been suggested as possible candidates for the identification of Dhu l-Qarnayn, such as Fereydun, Xerxes I, and Darius III. The description of Dhul-Qarneyn in Quran is similar and identical to that of Solomon (AS) in “Zaboor”. Moreover, the kings did not conquer the world, and none of them constructed an iron dam. In recent sources, and in particular, in contemporary scholarships, the views were informed by archeological and linguistic findings as well as some ancient sources of history. And his story agrees with what appears in the Qur'an about Dhu l-Qarnayn. while he supplies the technical expertise as a barrier preventing the entry of Gog and Magog, he instructs the people to bring their own raw materials and aid in the … [5] However, the supposed influence of the Syriac legends on the Quran have been questioned based on dating inconsistencies and missing key motifs. The main purpose of the verses is not to figure out the route of the journey or what Dhul Qarnayn saw but the bottom line is what he found the people doing and what decisions he made concerning them. Dhu l-Qarnayn (Arabic: ذوالقَرنَین) is the title of a character mentioned in the Qur'an. Those whose eyes were hoodwinked from My reminder, and who could not bear to hear. In some cases, Dhu l-Qarnayn is introduced as a prophet and a king, and in some cases, only as a faithful king. ", "Give me pieces of iron" - till, when he had leveled up (the gap) between the cliffs, he said: "Blow!" [12], The Sufi poet Rumi (Jalāl ad-Dīn Muhammad Rūmī, 1207-1273), perhaps the most famous of medieval Persian poets, described Dhu al-Qarnayn's eastern journey. Dhul-Qarnayn (English) Proper noun Dhul-Qarnayn Islam - The ruler... Dhulbahante (English) Proper noun Dhulbahante A clan in Somalia. The Syriac manuscripts were translated into English in 1889 by E. A. Wallis Budge. Then We shall gather them together in one gathering. On that day We shall leave them to surge like waves on one another: the trumpet will be blown, and We shall collect them all together. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "Dhu al-Hijjah".Found in 0 ms. He is honored in Yemeni poems. It must be clarified that there is a difference of opinion among the historians and commentators whether Dhu’l-Qarnayn was same as Alexander of Rome. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Dhul-Qarnayn on pronouncekiwi. Dhumal (English) Proper noun Dhumal A surname. Until, when he reached the setting of the sun, he found it set in a spring of murky water: near it he found a people: We said: "O Zul-qarnain! On this view, Gog and Magog refer to the Moguls. Proper noun (Islam) The ruler who built the wall that keeps Gog and Magog from attacking mankind. Totally different views have been suggested in this regard. Dhul Qarnain was a righteous and just king, who traveled the lands from West to East. Say: "I shall recite unto you a remembrance of him.". Concrete meanings: the first group of such views provide concrete grounds for the appellation, such him having horns and something similar. The view is based on a hadith from Imam 'Ali (a) and turned into a well-known view in later sources. (Thou hast authority) either to punish them, or to treat them with, kindness.” 6 Hamdi Yazır says, “This statement shows it clearly that Dhul-Qarnayn is a prophet. Al-Tha'albi wrote that if this is true, then we should no longer concern ourselves with the issue. Al-Qutb al-Rawandi mentions that his name was Ayaash, and that after Nuh he was the first ruler whose kingdom included (all) the countries of the east and west. The final story in Surah Al Kahf is in relation to Dhul-Qarnayn. We said: "O Dhu'l-Qarneyn! We made him strong in the land and gave him unto every thing a road. For example, some people believed that he had two excrescences on his forehead which were similar to horns, or that his crown was decorated with two horns, or his people had broken the two sides of his head, or he had two strings of braided hair.
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