To herald the change of seasons, mums (Chrysanthemums spp.) What about the potted mums you can buy already blooming in autumn? "Every time they grow five to six inches, pinch the tip of each shoot about two to three inches down the stem, just above the leaves," he advises. Most gardeners consider the mum to be an annual so when the first hard frost kills the plant simply chop it off and discard. They were beautiful and lived forever. Much like indoor mums, planting outdoors or in the garden requires abundant sunlight. The baby mums planted last fall are blooming now, white and orange, don't know why. A: They won’t flower again this year, but should next fall. burst into bloom in late summer and fall, welcoming the shorter days and cooler season with brightly colored flowers. Susan Deppner (author) from Arkansas USA on April 19, 2013: I have let my mums bloom in the summer and cut them so they rebloom in the fall, but most of the time I just trim off the tops so they won't bloom early. Mums are planted in the spring for the ideal summer and fall flower production. Perineal mums are called " garden mums" and in the spring/summer they are just green in color. Once you’ve determined the perfect spot to display your mum, place a tray beneath the flower pot to keep the soil moist. Fertilize mums once a month in May, June and July. Plant mums a minimum of 18 inches apart for small dwarf varieties and a maximum of 36 inches apart for the larger, more vigorous growing mum cultivars. Cynthia Sylvestermouse from United States on March 05, 2015: Mums are among my favorite flowers. I can't tell you about growing them in FL, but in NH I planted them in the fall and mulched heavily in December. Delightful. Mums are surprisingly resilient. To have a brilliant orange flower sitting in the middle of a pink or red themed bed would bother a lot of people. Some gardeners choose to prune in the fall, but pruning in spring increases the chance of winter survival. Plants produce a wide range of blossom colors such as yellow, pink, red, lavender and brilliant orange. They will then take off slowly. In some cases, there is inconsistent, premature budding that occurs within individual plants. Godfrey says the secret to maximizing flower production is to begin pinching the stems of your mums in the springtime. Based in Oregon, Kimberly Sharpe has been a writer since 2006. Pinching the new shoots of the mums is required to produce a bushy, attractive plant that is not leggy. Mums are planted in the spring for the ideal summer and fall flower production. I've got the brown thumb in the family, but my husband enjoys gardening and I bet he'd love to know how to nurture some mums from his mom's always-thriving garden in our modest one. To get the most bloom for your buck, choose plants with compact, tightly wrapped buds. Even partial blooming mums in stores should be avoided if at all possible. Pull weeds around mums as they appear so the weeds do to compete for light, nutrients and water. I hope they keep coming back and making beautiful flowers! Do not fertilize after flower buds appear in late July because fertilizer will encourage the mum to produce more foliage instead of flowers. Keep em watered and a shot of fertilizer now and then will help the plant survive bringing you new flowers come spring! The decision has been made—I'm going to try to get these babies growing again. Then came winter. Water: Mums require frequent watering due to their shallow root system, especially in high heat. This is right before blooming season, so the flowers have time to branch off from the cut stems. As these spring blooming flowers fade, the mums will fill in and hide their unattractive fading foliage. Of course, many summer flowers continue to bloom into fall, at least until the first hard frost. Here's how to grow chrysanthemums as either annuals or perennials, plus how much water and sun they need. Plant spring garden mums in a sunny location. The best time to deadhead or prune mums you are growing outside is during the late spring up to mid summer. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, blooming chrysanthemums image by Yurok Aleksandrovich from, The Ohio State University: Growing Chrysanthemums, Iowa State University: Growing Chrysanthemums, Smithsonian Institute: Chrysanthemum Fact Sheet, University Of Minnesota: Garden Chrysanthemums. And, several times, we had to rescue them after the wind blew too hard and the pots went flying off the porch. The mildew appears as a white fungus growth. She has traveled extensively to such places as India and Sri Lanka to widen and enhance her writing and knowledge base. Optionally, mums can also be cut back spring through midsummer to encourage fuller blooming and a better shape. Margaret Schindel from Massachusetts on February 28, 2015: Great tips, Susan! There's no shortage of chrysanthemum sales around here in the fall. Susan Deppner (author) from Arkansas USA on May 11, 2013: @AcornOakForest: Maybe this year you'll think to pick up a pot or two. Bet you could ask at the local garden center and get some good advice there! But, depending on weather and the environment, if left to grow naturally without any pinching, some varieties will start blooming too early and grow quite tall and leggy. Space mums about 1 1/2 to 2 feet apart, allowing them room to fill out. In addition, the added heat and stress of the sunlight shortens the life of the blooms that appear as well. Mums generally prefer full sun, but they will tolerate some light shade and may actually prefer some shelter in very warm climates. First, cut off the stems at pot level, then place the pots in a cool dark area, like a basement or unheated garage. Garden mums, on the other hand, are usually planted in the spring, and will bloom all summer and autumn. Q: The blooms on my potted mums are spent. Plants can either be sheared off, or simply pinched back by hand. The very fitting captcha here was 'sniffnose' that also made me giggle... Susan Deppner (author) from Arkansas USA on April 14, 2013: @TreasuresBrenda: LOL Thanks, Brenda. How Long Do Mums Live with Care? Keep the garden mums moist but not waterlogged. Mums kept in partial shade will hold onto their blooms longer. Spring-planted mums will have plenty of time for root growth. @anonymous: I'm sure there will be others who figure I'm talking about "moms." Susan Deppner (author) from Arkansas USA on May 08, 2013: @liny-tan: I'll bet they're gorgeous, too! Helps those memories last! Susan Deppner (author) from Arkansas USA on March 01, 2015: My thumb is sort of a neutral color, Margaret. Pull weeds around mums as they appear so the weeds do to compete for light, nutrients and water. Use a water-soluble, high-phosphorous fertilizer formula such as 5-10-5 to boost blooming, diluting the fertilizer by mixing 1 tablespoon of it in 1 gallon of water. There can be several causes to this problem and it can involve an entire crop coming into flower early or it is scattered within a crop. Dont over water them as they are prone to root rot. I have a mum on the porch that will get attention today. I've just been wondering what to do with my mums. My two Rosy Victoria Coral garden mums spent the winter freezing their pots off, sitting on the far end of the porch. mine are confused obviously. Occasionally, they'd get a little bit of rain. I always plan to plant them in the ground but I just never seem to get around to it. however, i deadhead all the spent flowers of mums to keep them beautiful and i also thin/prune them when they get overcrowded. I buy plants and do a bit of transplanting here and there, but that's about the extent of it (though, I'm going to try to do better, I promise). I'm trying to get my Chris more interested in the gardening aspect of taking care of the lawn. I don't have much gardening talent, but I do enjoy trying - and I love mums! for every 100 feet square feet of garden mums. Planting chrysanthemums in spring will give them the best chance of surviving the following winter. If you are … I love this time of year when everything grows so well! That way they'll look gorgeous next fall. yours sound more normal. Aphids can be washed from new plant growth by applying a strong burst of water every few days until the aphids are controlled. If you’re planting mums in spring, fertilize using a product like 5-10-10. possibly set it on the southern edge of the homestead so it gets morning solar for the time of the winter. For established mums, fertilize in spring as new growth is emerging. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! — S.S., Houston. Deadheading during the warm season also makes it less likely that the vulnerable cut areas will be exposed to cold temperatures. That way they'll look gorgeous next fall. The flowers faded, and finally the blooms froze. in case you hold the pot up close to the homestead it would stay on the winter exterior right. In her articles, she shares tips, reviews, and helpful information for other homemakers. Plant in spring and divide every two years. Susan Deppner (author) from Arkansas USA on April 15, 2013: @Peachcobbler: That's the way I am most of the time, too. So, today, I was quite surprised that despite the neglect there were actually some rather wilted green leaves growing up from the bottom on both plants. Could have spelled out Chrysanthemums, but I'm never sure I have that spelling right! When the blooming … This attractive trait, along with the myriad of colors and forms of chrysanthemum flowers, enhances the popularity of this readily available plant.