Home > Scales > Jazz Scales 20 Jazz Guitar Scales & When to Use Them This lesson will show you some of the most commonly used jazz guitar scales, although keep in mind you shouldn't necessarily be limited to using these scales. Chord Scale Theory. Minor Jazz Guitar Scales. The Arps in both Triad and 4 part chord form (be careful when using the 4 note Arps in terms of context – the triad version of each is easier to begin working with) So often, scales—more specifically the modes of the major and melodic minor scales—get passed-off as … The next type of scales you must learn are minor jazz guitar scales. This scale was commonly used by jazz improvisers of the late bebop era, e.g. These scales can be used over any minor chord progression, or minor chord. Every one of these Pentatonic scales and Arps exist inside of the CMaj13 chord. This scale is built by adding a major 7th passing tone to a Mixolydian scale, creating an 8-note scale that’s used to solo over dominant 7th chords. However, the majority of older players used the chord tone/chord arpeggio method. The scale in ex 11g fits chords B7, D7, F7 and Ab7. Learn these 7 guitar scales and you will be able to solo over almost any jazz standard. The relationship between chords and scales is called chord scale theory. Just like any type of scale, jazz scales fall into two categories: major and minor. For a modern jazz sound, try playing a pentatonic minor scale a minor 3rd above a dominant 7 chord (e.g. Whole tone scale So in reality, to learn jazz scales you have to learn more than one scale. Every chord implies a scale, or in many cases multiple scales. John Coltrane and Oliver Nelson. The chord-scale system is a method of matching, from a list of possible chords, a list of possible scales. the ‘V’ chord in a ii V I progression). (See Saxophone Exercise 7) ex 11h: Diminished scale built on root Db (b9 of C7) ex 11j: diminished scales C, Eb, F#, A. Scales, chords, and exercises to help improve jazz improvisation and theory. Now we’ve taken a look at major jazz guitar scales. Find complex Jazz chords or simple triads easily It produces very jazzy-sounding flat 9, sharp 9, flat 5 and sharp 5 notes which, if used with care, can create some interesting lines. Note that the notes are identical. Let’s learn to play some jazz scales. As a jazz musician, you have the creative freedom to choose and select chord scales based on the type of sound you want to produce. Jazz is an experimental genre and guitarists are constantly exploring new scales (and modifying old ones) in their improvisation. This lesson includes diagrams, audio, scale patterns, exercises, and solo examples. The symbol for the mode is: +7(b9 #9 #11) which tells us that it fits a +7 chord (R, M3, +5, m7) and has the following extensions: b9 #9 #11. This relationship is called Chord Scale Theory. The system has been widely used since the 1970s and is "generally accepted in the jazz world today".. T he Chord-scale system has become the most established and widespread method for teaching jazz improvisation…And it’s no mystery why. However, jazz is a little more complicated than blues music. The first jazz scale that you’ll explore is one of the most jazz sounding scales out there, the dominant bebop scale. Here is another discrepancy: the chord built on the 7th degree of the Melodic Minor Scale is a Minor 7(b5), yet the corresponding mode (the Altered scale) is used over a Dominant 7 chord. Virtual piano chords and scales, alternate chord positions, voicings and modes. For the purpose of today’s example, we’re going to learn these jazz guitar scales … This book is designed for students who know how to read music and want to improve their knowledge of jazz technique and theory.FAQ:What scales does this book include?All seven modal scales, five of the seven melodic minor modal scales, all whole tone scales, diminished scales, pentatonic and blues scales. Dominant Bebop Scale. Understanding and knowing how to play these scales is essential for any beginning jazz guitar player.