Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. Hippeastrum regium Herb. (Amaryllis belladonna)", "Getting your Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) to Bloom", International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, "On the culture of the Guernsey Lily, and other bulbs of the genera, "An enumeration and classification of the species of, "Descriptions of New Genera and Species of Plants Collected on the Mulford Biologial Exploration of the Amazon Valley, 1921–1922", "Influence of bulb packing systems on forcing of Dutch-grown Hippeastrum (Amaryllis) as flowering potted plants in North America", "Various Cutting Methods For the Propagation of, "Anxiolytic-, antidepressant- and anticonvulsant-like effects of the alkaloid montanine isolated from, "Systematics of Amaryllidaceae based on cladistic analysis of plastid sequence data", "Phylogeny of the American Amaryllidaceae Based on nrDNA ITS Sequences", "Tilting at windmills: 20 years of Hippeastrum breeding", "A review of medicinal plant research at the University of the West Indies, Jamaica, 1948–2001", UNIVERSITATEA DE ŞTIINŢE AGRONOMICE ŞI MEDICINĂ VETERINARĂ, "Effects of light on the propagation and growth of bulbs of, "Towards a Molecular Understanding of the Biosynthesis of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids in Support of Their Expanding Medical Use", "Critical review of Sealy's "Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, "Hippeastrum incantator in fiecare casa (Delightful Hippeastrum in every home)", "Amaryllis and Alstroemeria: Old Crops, New Potential", "Understanding and Producing Amaryllis (Hort. All of the plants in PlantFile are fully documented covering an overview of the plant that includes a description, natural habitat and how the plant is commonly used. In 1878 he described nine sections of the genus,[55] but by 1888 he included seven subgenera, namely (number of species in parentheses) Habranthus (10), Phycella (3), Rhodophiala (5), Macropododastrum (1), Omphalissa (6), Aschamia (10) and Lais (3), some of which have since been treated as separate genera (Habranthus, Rhodophiala). The most common commercial propagation method is referred to as 'twin scales'. The name Hippeastrum was first given to the genus by Herbert,[29] being derived from the Ancient Greek,[30] meaning a "knight's star" from ἱππεύς (hippeus, mounted knight) and ἄστρον (astron, star), to describe the first recognized species, Hippeastrum reginae. Subsequent care is as for new bulbs, as described above. Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb. The technique of plant tissue culture in vitro improves the propagation of Hippeastrum by decreasing the time required to reach the minimum size to start the reproductive cycle, using sections of bulbs grown in artificial media with the addition of plant hormones. Brief The genus is native to tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas from Argentina north to Mexico and the Caribbean. The first issue is whether the name should more properly be Amaryllis L.. The rest of the Amaryllis species he transferred to other genera, several of which he created. Flowers are available in singles, doubles and miniatures. fulgida (Ker Gawl.) In 1803 John Sims claimed Curtis had made a mistake in this attribution, and that; "this name was given from the remarkable likeness the front view of it has to a star of some of the orders of knight-hood; an appearance well expressed by JACQUIN's figure in the Hortus Schoenbrunnensis"[33][34], Despite much speculation, there is no definitive explanation of either Linnaeus fils or Herbert's thinking. The perianth has six brightly colored tepals (three outer sepals and three inner petals) that may be similar in appearance or very different. [40] This work commenced in 1819 with the contributions of the English botanist, the Revd. This name is a synonym of Hippeastrum reginae (L.) Herb.. Hippeastrum … (syn. [14][48] Although Leopoldia was subsequently validated (i.e., became the correct name), this was overlooked, and Hippeastrum rather than Leopoldia was used for the genus of New World amaryllids. The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. Amaryllis reginae Additional title: Hippeastrum Reginae ; Amaryllis de la reine [Mexican Lily] Names Redouté, Pierre Joseph, 1759-1840 (Artist) Collection. The same requirements for light apply to indoor plants too. Best results are obtained by transplanting every three to four years.[51][70][72][92]. [90], Of the many hybrids, the best known are those producing flowers with red, pink, salmon, orange and white colors. fil.) [18] The name Hippeastrum, given to it by William Herbert, means "knight's star", although precisely what Herbert meant by the name is not certain. Currently these subgenera are not widely used due to indistinct boundaries of some of the divisions. It thrives best in partial shade to full sun. ex Aiton, accepted name H. puniceum)[46][47] a plant which Carl Linnaeus' son, Linnaeus the Younger (Linn. More Taxa Info; Guides; Places; Site Stats; Help; Video Tutorials; Log In or Sign Up Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Hippeastrum, Large Flowering Amaryllis, Double Amaryllis, Cybister Amaryllis, Galaxy Amaryllis, Diamond Amaryllis, Spider Amaryllis (Hippeastrum) Amaryllis bulbs (Hippeastrum) are flowers of choice to take the gray chill out of winter with their audacious, sexy tropical-looking blossoms in the dead of winter! You'll know this flowering houseplant as either Hippeastrum or Amaryllis. Bulbs are often described by the country of origin of the bulb producers, since they may have different characteristics, e.g. Dates / Origin Date Issued: 1805 - 1816 Place: Paris Publisher: Chez l'Auteur, Impr. Most Hippeastrum bulbs are tunicate (a protective dry outer layer and fleshy concentric inner scales or leaf bases). The double flowers from Japan are particularly beautiful. For instance in the 1870s and 1880s John Gilbert Baker considerably reorganised Hippeastrum. Bulbs from the South African growers usually put up a scape and leaves at the same time (synanthous). Nurseries may list Amaryllis bulbs as being 'Dutch', 'Israeli', 'Peruvian' etc., depending on the country of origin. Each flower is 13–20 cm (5"–8") across, and the native species are usually purple or red. Other flower colors include yellow and pale green with variations on these including multicoloring, with different colored mottling, stripes or edges on the petals. [29] Herbert further refined his descriptions of Hippeastrum in his work on the Amaryllidaceae in 1837. Some bulbs put up two flower scapes at the same time; others may wait several weeks between blooms and sometimes the second scape will have only two or three flowers rather than the usual four. Although this does not guarantee genetic diversity in natural populations, it is widely used by colonising species. For temperatures, the Strelitzia reginaelikes it warm in the 70 to 90-degree range. × Hippeastrelia is the name given to this cross.[30][52][53][54]. His hybrid was being cultivated in the US by the mid-nineteenth century. [35] The Latin word equestris (of a knight, or horseman) may have been confused with equi (of a horse), or possibly Herbert was making a literary knight's move on the Linnaean term. [28][96] One alkaloid isolated from Hippeastrum vittatum (montanine) has demonstrated antidepressant, anticonvulsant and anxiolytic properties. Hippeastrum is a genus in the family Amaryllidaceae (subfamily Amaryllidoideae, tribe Hippeastreae, and subtribe Hippeastrineae). Hippeastrum cultivars and species can be grown inside in pots or outside in warmer climates (Hardiness 7B-11). Variable spring or summer flowering bulbous perennial with strap-shaped leaves and up to 4 funnel-shaped, drooping, bright red flowers with a large green-white stain in the throat, the lobes to 13cm across, on a stem to 50cm long. (awtor)|Herb.]]. The following species were considered threatened or vulnerable by degradation of their natural habitat, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN)[75] Red List of Threatened Species[76] in 1997. Leaves will usually wither during this period and a flower stem begin to emerge after eight to ten weeks. [2], P.J. [78], Intense cultivation of a number of species, particularly from Brazil, Bolivia and Peru, has occurred because of the appearance and size of the flowers, resulting in many hybrids and cultivars. [30][70], Most modern commercial hybrids are derived from the following species:[71]. [66][verification needed], Some species, such as the Uruguayan Hippeastrum petiolatum, are sterile and unable to produce seeds. Common Names for Amaryllis. This involves the division of the bulb into 12 sections and then separating each section into twin scales connected by the basal plate. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. Following Filippo Parlatore in 1845, the name Leopoldia was used for a genus of grape hyacinth species, allied to Muscari. For many years there was confusion among botanists over the generic names Amaryllis and Hippeastrum, one result of which is that the common name amaryllis is mainly used for cultivars of this genus, often sold as indoor flowering bulbs particularly at Christmas in the northern hemisphere. [58] For reference, these are:[35][59][60][61], As of November 2013[update], the World Checklist of Selected Plant Families accepts 91 species:[1]. Single, double, and miniature bulbs are the ones typically sold by nurseries and other stores for the holidays in December and for Valentine's Day and Easter. Hippeastrum angustifolium is an example of a species preferring flood areas, while other species prefer a drier habitat. 1802-1815), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hippeastrum_reginae&oldid=991189980, Articles with empty sections from April 2014, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 19:30. [78], The bulb is tender and should not be exposed to frost, but is otherwise easy to grow with large rewards for small efforts, especially those that bloom inside during the winter months. Amaryllis fulgida Ker Gawl. An Hippeastrum reginae in uska species han Liliopsida nga syahan ginhulagway ni Carl von Linné, ngan ginhatag han pagkayana nga asya nga ngaran ni Herb..An Hippeastrum reginae in nahilalakip ha genus nga Hippeastrum, ngan familia nga Amaryllidaceae. Synonyms; Amaryllis reginae L. Aschamia reginae Salisb. English. Bulbs sold as amaryllis and described as ready to bloom for the holidays belong to the genus Hippeastrum. The fruit forms a trivalve capsule containing seeds which are dry, flattened, obliquely winged or irregularly discoid, hardly ever turgid, and globose (spherical) or subglobose, with a brown or black phytomelanous testa.[28]. [49][50][51], While interspecific hybrids of Hippeastrum are relatively common, hybridization with other genera of Amaryllidaceae are more rare. appears in other Kew resources: IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. These two species were notable for large flowers that were wide open and relatively symmetrical. [42], At the time both South African and South American plants were placed in this same genus. They will need year-round light even inside. Plants grown from this method take three to four years to bloom. Overwatering will cause bulb and root rot. Taxonomy. Accepted name Mexican lily Plantae ... Common Names. [67] Pollinators include Humming birds in subtropical areas, and moths.[30]. [52] Many will bloom year after year provided they are given a dormant period in a cool, dark place for two months without water or fertilizer although some bulbs will start growing before the two-month period is up. Herb. They are funnelform (funnel shaped)[21] and declinate (curving downwards and then upwards at the tip)[22] in shape. By the early nineteenth century Amaryllis had become a polymorphic (diverse) genus with about 50 species from what we would consider a dozen genera today, and attempts were made to separate it into different genera. Sometimes also known as St Joseph's Lily, it has a slight spicy fragrance. Traub Amaryllis spectabilis G.Lodd. ... Barbados lily Hippeastrum reginae . gave rise to H. x johnsonii hort.. H. gracilis (not a valid name) is also used.. H. 'Red Lion' most popular cut flower cultivar [36], Although the 1987 decision settled the question of the scientific name of the genus, the common name "amaryllis" continues to be used. [excluded] Show All Show Tabs. Common Name: Botanical Latin Name: Family Name Amaryllis Hippeastrum (Amaryllidaceae) Apple; Flowering Apple, Crab Apple: Malus spp. The larger the bulb, the more flowers it will produce. Summering outdoors in four or five hours of direct sunlight, plus fertilizing lightly as the season progresses, will help develop buds for the next year. ~San. "Amaryllis" is also used in the name of some societies devoted to the genus Hippeastrum. [40] Clifford's herbarium is now preserved at the Natural History Museum in London. The flowers are arranged in umbelliform inflorescences which are pauciflor or pluriflor (2-14 flowers), supported on an erect hollow scape (flower stem) which is 20–75 cm (12"–30") tall and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") in diameter with two free bracts forming a spathe which is bivalve with free leaflets at its base. Herbarium Catalogue (2 records) Date Reference Identified As Barcode ... Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone The International Plant Names Index and … [30] The flower name has even been compared to the mediaeval weapon, the spoked mace or Morning Star which it superficially resembles. The bulbs are generally between 5–12 cm (2"–5") in diameter and produce two to seven long-lasting evergreen or deciduous leaves that are 30–90 cm (12"–36") long and 2.5–5 cm (1"–2") wide. Some species are found as far north as Mexico and the West Indies. These two examples are not however typical of the genus, which commonly reproduces through allogamy. The androecium consists of six stamens with filiform (thread like) filaments, which are fasciculate (in close bundles) and declinate or ascendent. also has detailed information on botanic features such as leaf and flower and fruit with glossaries describing the terms. L 63)", "World Checklist of Selected Plant Families: Hippeastrum", "Huntington's Disease Association Northern Ireland", International Union for Conservation of Nature, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hippeastrum&oldid=991284911, Articles with incomplete citations from June 2020, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 07:29. Amaryllis reginae L. Common Name(s): Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Taxonomic Hierarchy ... Hippeastrum reginae : Source: Tropicos, 2007 - 2010, database (version 2010) Acquired: 2010 Redouté. The miniature evergreen Hippeastrum papilio or "butterfly amaryllis" whose petals resemble a butterfly (papilio) has a unique color and pattern with broad rose-burgundy center stripes and striations of pale green on the upper petals and narrow stripes on the bottom three. Hippeastrum striatum striped Barbados lily Hippeastrum vittatum . Commercially, only cultivars that produce at least three bulbils on the mother bulb are used for this form of propagation. Hippeastrum petiolatum is a flowering perennial herbaceous bulbous plant, in the family Amaryllidaceae, native to Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru and Brazil. The Plants Database includes the following 4 species of Hippeastrum . The Veitch nursery dominated the commercial development of Hippeastrum leopoldii and other varieties up to the early years of the twentieth century, the best of their hybrids setting the standard for modern commercial development. [52], Hippeastrum breeding began in 1799 when Arthur Johnson, a watchmaker in Prescot, England, crossed Hippeastrum reginae with Hippeastrum vitattum, obtaining hybrids that were later given the name Hippeastrum × 'Johnsonii' [79] (Johnson's amaryllis, 'hardy amaryllis' or St. Joseph's lily). Reproduction is generally by allogamy (cross-pollination) and Hippeastrum may be propagated by seed or offset bulbils (bulblets), although commercial ventures use in vitro techniques, or splitting of the bulb into sections. For instance the 'knight's star' has been compared to Linnaeus' decoration as a Knight of the Order of the Polar Star. A number of subgenera have been proposed over the years. ... Sites with Hippeastrum or Gardening Info. [56] Baker both reduced the original number of species of Herbert, but also enlarged the genus by adding in other genera such as Habranthus, Phycella, Rhodophiala and Rhodolirion (also called Rhodolirium, and subsequently moved to Rhodophilia),[57] which he included as separate sections of Hippeastrum. Some flowers have uniform colors or patterns on all six petals while others have more pronounced colors on the upper petals than on the lower ones.[90][78]. The reduced size of the inner head and shoulders image symbolizes the diminution in a person caused by Huntington's disease.

hippeastrum reginae common name

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